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2A.2 Forming questions and expressing negation

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Point de départ
You have learned how to make affirmative and declarative
statements in French. Now you will learn how to form
questions and make negative statements.
© 2015 by Vista Higher Learning, Inc. All rights reserved.
2A.2-1
Forming questions
There are several ways to ask a question in French.
The simplest way is to use the same wording as for a
statement but with rising intonation (when speaking)
or setting a question mark at the end (when writing).
This method is considered informal.
© 2015 by Vista Higher Learning, Inc. All rights reserved.
2A.2-2
Forming questions (continued)
A second way is to place the phrase Est-ce que… directly
before a statement. If the next word begins with a vowel
sound, use Est-ce qu’. Questions with est-ce que are
somewhat formal.
© 2015 by Vista Higher Learning, Inc. All rights reserved.
2A.2-3
Forming questions (continued)
A third way is to place a tag question at the end of a
statement. This method can be formal or informal.
A fourth way is to invert the order of the subject pronoun
and the verb and hyphenate them. If the verb ends in a
vowel and the subject pronoun is il or elle, -t- is inserted
between the verb and the pronoun. Inversion is
considered more formal.
© 2015 by Vista Higher Learning, Inc. All rights reserved.
2A.2-4
Forming questions (continued)
If the subject is a noun rather than a pronoun, invert the
pronoun and the verb, and place the noun before them.
The inverted form of il y a is y a-t-il. C’est becomes est-ce.
Use pourquoi to ask why? Use parce que (parce qu’ before a
vowel sound) in the answer to express because.
© 2015 by Vista Higher Learning, Inc. All rights reserved.
2A.2-5
Expressing negation
To make a sentence negative in French, place ne
(n’ before a vowel sound) before the conjugated verb
and pas after it.
In the construction [conjugated verb + infinitive], ne (n’)
comes before the conjugated verb and pas after it.
© 2015 by Vista Higher Learning, Inc. All rights reserved.
2A.2-6
Expressing negation (continued)
In questions with inversion, place ne before the inversion
and pas after it.
© 2015 by Vista Higher Learning, Inc. All rights reserved.
2A.2-7
Expressing negation (continued)
Use these expressions to respond to a statement or a
question that requires a yes or no answer.
© 2015 by Vista Higher Learning, Inc. All rights reserved.
2A.2-8
Expressing negation (cont’d)
Use si instead of oui to contradict a negative question.
© 2015 by Vista Higher Learning, Inc. All rights reserved.
2A.2-9
Essayez!
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
Make questions out of these statements. Use
est-ce que/qu’ in items 1–6 and inversion in 7–12.
Vous mangez au resto U.
Ils adorent les devoirs.
La biologie est difficile.
Tu travailles.
Elles cherchent le prof.
Aude voyage beaucoup.
Vous arrivez demain.
L’étudiante oublie le livre.
La physique est utile.
Il y a deux salles de classe.
Ils n’habitent pas à Québec.
C’est le professeur de gestion.
© 2015 by Vista Higher Learning, Inc. All rights reserved.
Est-ce que vous mangez au resto U?
____________________________
____________________________
____________________________
____________________________
____________________________
____________________________
Arrivez-vous demain?
____________________________
____________________________
____________________________
____________________________
____________________________
____________________________
2A.2-10
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