Perspectives on the World Christian Movement Expansion of the World Christian Movement The Purposes of God Isaiah 14:24,27 The Lord Almighty has sworn, “Surely, as I have planned, so it will be, And as I have purposed, so it will stand.” For the Lord Almighty has purposed, And who can thwart him? His hand is stretched out, and who can turn it back? The Purposes of God Isaiah 46:10-11 “My purpose will be established, And I will accomplish all My good pleasure…. Truly I have spoken; Truly I will bring it to pass. I have planned it, Surely I will do it.” The Purposes of God Proverbs 19:21 Many are the plans in a man’s heart, But it is the Lord’s purpose that prevails. God’s Continuing Purpose To redeem a people from every people. To rule a kingdom above every kingdom. Our Question: God, what is Your will for my life? The Question To Ask: God, what is Your will? How can I join You in what You are doing? History of the World Christian Movement Ten Epochs in the Movement 2000 B.C. 1600 B.C. 1200 B.C. 800 B.C. 400 B.C. 0 A.D. 400 A.D. 800 A.D. 1200 A.D. 1600 A.D. 0 2000 A.D. History of the World Christian Movement Galatians 4:4 “In the fullness of time, God sent forth His Son…” Mission Mechanisms O.T. Period GO Voluntary GO Involuntary COME Voluntary COME Involuntary Abraham Hebrew prophets Joseph Jonah Esther Daniel + friends N.T. Period Philip to Ethiopian eunuch Peter to Cornelius resettled in Israel Missionaries “Tentmakers” Paul Persecuted church Magi Naaman the Syrian Greeks seek out Jesus Queen of Sheba Cornelius sends Ruth for Peter Gentiles forcibly Modern Missions Roman military Military Business people Gov’t employees Persecuted church International students Business immigrants Refugees God’s Purpose God’s purpose is to forward His mission WITH or WITHOUT the cooperation of His chosen people. With the blessing is the responsibility. Dangerous if unfulfilled! With the blessing is the privilege. Joyous when fulfilled! History of the World Christian Movement Five Epochs Since Christ History of the World Christian Movement Acts 15 Breakthrough! History of the World Christian Movement In the ROMAN period Christianity spread as a result of: Divine signs in the sky Persecution Heretics The Chamber of Commerce The Church in the Fourth Century Roman Period Christianity all the way to England by AD 212 Diocletian edicts Edict of Toleration in AD 313 Official religion in AD 375 Christianity was the only religion with no nationalism at its root! Roman Period Christianity all the way to England by AD 212 Diocletian edicts Edict of Toleration in AD 313 Official religion in AD 375 Church councils Ulfila, an Arian Christian, goes to the Goths History of the World Christian Movement In the ROMAN period Christianity spread as a result of: Divine signs TRUE! in the sky TRUE! Persecution Heretics TRUE! The Chamber TRUE! of Commerce Barbarian invasions of 4th/5th centuries Barbarian invasions of 4th/5th centuries Get the point! Christianity was well-established in the Roman Empire; however, Latin Christians did not reach out with the gospel to their unreached neighbors – the Goths. In God’s eternal purpose, He brought the Goths to them, so that they too might be saved. History of the World Christian Movement In the BARBARIAN period Christianity spread as a result of: A wife of the emperor Fear & force A kidnapped boy Advanced Roman civilization Barbarian invasions of 4th/5th centuries Barbarian Control of Roman Empire Civilization lost Urban to rural (cities abandoned) Fertile land to desolation Great Roman engineering into disrepair Law & order disappeared Money ceased to be used Freedom exchanged for survival Language lost Barbarian Control of Roman Empire The Church was the only surviving institution in the ancient world! Barbarian invasions of 4th/5th centuries A Nation Transformed Planted 700 churches Trained 3000 pastors Baptized 100,000 Irish Church’s Role in Society Helped the poor Cared for the sick Provided refuge for the outcast Served as civil-servants Created hospitals Established homes for the aged & insane The only source of education Transmitted the Latin language Church’s Role in Society Preserved ancient writings Taught a respect for the written word Taught the importance of record-keeping Sole link between the classical past and the future Instilled the value & dignity of the individual Led in draining swamps, clearing forests & developing better agricultural methods Mitigated violence through its teaching History of the World Christian Movement In the BARBARIAN period Christianity spread as a result of: A wife of FALSE! the emperor FALSE! Fear & force A kidnapped TRUE! boy Advanced Roman FALSE! civilization History of the World Christian Movement Get the point! Christianity is well-established in the new “Holy Roman Empire” Charlemagne was eager for his own kind (Germanic tribes) to become Christian, but didn’t reach out to the Scandinavian peoples to the north. Christianity in Asia First 300 years: Severe persecution in West (Rome) Relative freedom in East (Persia / Syria) Next 300 years: Imperial religion in West Severe persecution in East Trade routes to West closed Nestorian church spreads further East Next 300 years: Rise of Islam closes all trade routes No contact between East & West for 600 yrs Mission extension & obliteration in East 697 A.D. Conversion of Anglo-Saxons & Chinese History of the World Christian Movement In the VIKING period Christianity spread as a result of: Conversion of Eric the Red Captured monks Slave girls Mass Conversions The West Under Threat: 8-10th centuries History of the World Christian Movement In the VIKING period Christianity spread as a result of: Conversion FALSE! of Eric the Red Captured TRUE! monks TRUE! Slave girls Mass TRUE! Conversions History of the World Christian Movement Get the point! If you don’t go to them with the gospel, they come to where it is… but it may not be in a friendly way! God’s determined purpose, remember? The West Under Threat: 8-10th centuries History of the World Christian Movement In the MUSLIM period Christianity spread as a result of: Traveling evangelists Friars Conquistadors Taking Jerusalem from Muslims The First Crusade The First Crusade Defense against invading Turks Opportunity for Roman Church to expand into Byzantine Church territory Opportunity for petty kings and lords to gain riches and land Opportunity for disinherited sons to spend energies and gain wealth Opportunity to gain remission for sins and a secure place in heaven The First Crusade Get the point! Passion, love and sacrifice are no substitute for a clear understanding of God’s will. God brought “Christian Europe” into contact with a new people needing His truth and they responded by killing them. The Reconciliation Message Nine hundred years ago, our forefathers carried the name of Jesus Christ in battle across the Middle East. Fueled by fear, greed and hatred, they betrayed the name of Christ by conducting themselves in a manner contrary to His wishes and character. The Crusaders lifted the banner of the Cross above your people. By this act they corrupted its true meaning of reconciliation, forgiveness and selfless love. The Reconciliation Message On the anniversary of the First Crusade, we also carry the name of Christ. We wish to retrace the footsteps of the Crusaders in apology for their deeds and in demonstration of the true meaning of the Cross. We deeply regret the atrocities committed in the name of Christ by our predecessors. We renounce greed, hatred and fear, and condemn all violence done in the name of Jesus Christ. The Reconciliation Message Where they were motivated by hatred and prejudice, we offer love and brotherhood. Jesus the Messiah came to give life. Forgive us for allowing His name to be associated with death. History of the World Christian Movement In the MUSLIM period Christianity spread as a result of: Traveling TRUE! evangelists TRUE! Friars Conquistadors FALSE! Taking Jerusalem FALSE! from Muslims History of the World Christian Movement The Greatest Missed Opportunity in World Evangelization History of the World Christian Movement The Reformation History of the World Christian Movement The Reformation was a CULTURAL breakthrough! Latin uniformity vs. cultural diversity Acts 15 repeated! Depiction of God in Luther’s Bible “In the fulness of time…” The Printing Press Spread Reformation ideas rapidly Within 100 years the Bible had been translated into almost every European language. Education (and the means to form one’s own opinion) was no longer limited to the clergy or very wealthy. “In the fulness of time…” The Internet! Radio! Satellite TV! “In the fulness of time…” The Internet! Radio! Satellite TV! Disseminating information & ideas across economic, ideological, geographic and political boundaries. History of the World Christian Movement Get the point! Luther and the Reformers did not see missions in the Bible. Except for the amazing Moravians, the Protestants did not engage in missions until 250 years later. Why? Protestants rejected mission structures. MODALITY -- SODALITY History of the World Christian Movement God, what is Your will? How can I join You in what You are doing?