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Cognates

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COGNATES
FLS – 29/30 JANUARY 2015
WHAT IS A COGNATE? WHICH ONE ARE WE TALKING ABOUT?
 Adjective
 1. related by birth; of the same parentage, descent, etc.
 2. Linguistics. descended from the same language or form:such cognate languages as French and Spanish.
 3. allied or similar in nature or quality.
 Noun
 4 .a person or thing cognate with another.
 5. a cognate word: The English word cold is a cognate of German kalt.
COGNATES ARE…
Cognates are words in two languages that share a similar meaning, spelling, and
pronunciation. Because both the English and the Spanish languages have Latin roots,
around 30 to 40% of all words in English have a related word in Spanish. Therefore,
for English learners whose home language is Spanish, cognates are an obvious bridge
to the English language.
TYPES OF COGNATES
¡OJO! – FALSE FRIENDS
Some words may look and sound like cognates but aren’t. For example, the Spanish word “sopa” looks and sounds
similar to the English word soap, but they mean something very different: the Spanish word “sopa” is something you
eat; the English word soap is something used to wash things. English soap and Spanish “sopa” are false cognates.
Other examples (Spanish words):
 Pie
 Carpeta
 Compromiso
 Asistir
FALSE COGNATE QUIZ!
What do you think the word means in English (extra point if you can guess the language!)
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Chair
Glanz
Camera
Chocar
Kittchen
Enviar
Coin
Pickel
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Tastare
Blesser
Embarazada
Attendre
Confrontare
Happen
Balde
FALSE COGNATE QUIZ! - ANSWERS
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Chair – French – Flesh
Glanz – Glory – German
Camera – Room – Italian
Chocar – to crash – Spanish
Kittchen – prison – German
Enviar – to send – Spanish
Coin – Corner – French
Pickel – Pimple – German
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Tastare – to touch – Italian
Blesser – to injure – French
Embarazada – pregnant – Spanish
Attendre – to wait for – French
Confrontare – to compare – Italian
Happen – snack - German
Balde – bucket – Spanish
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