SLAVE CULTURE & AFRICAN AMERICANS DURING THE ANTEBELLUM PERIOD SLAVE CULTURE HMMMM………. Considering the conditions in which the slaves were under…..what do YOU think helped them get through from day to day? RELIGION RELIGION The African slaves were very spiritual & religious people who continued to believe that God would hear their prayers. RELIGION Slave-owners forced the Africans to become Christians and to abandon their old African religions (including Islam). SLAVE MASTERS FORBID ISLAM RELIGION Although the slaveowners desired for the slaves to become Christians……they would NOT allow Blacks into their allwhite churches. RELIGION Slaves instead held their OWN church services and continued to pray that things would become better. RELIGION The Black slaves worshipped under their created denomination of Christianity called African Methodist Episcopal AME FOUNDER- RICHARD ALLEN AME A.M.E. churches are predominately black churches that serve the spiritual as well as social needs for African Americans. EXTRA CREDIT !!!!!!! LET’S MEET UP TO WORSHIP AND FELLOWSHIP TOGETHER. THIS SUNDAY…AT AN AME CHURCH ! SPIRITUALS SPIRITUALS Slaves often sang religious songs that while working, in the fields: 1. 2. To provide comfort Give hidden messages on how to escape SPIRITUALS Amazing Grace is probably the most popular slave spiritual ever. Amazing Grace speaks of comfort and ease in the time of despair Listen and enjoy Youtube video: Amazing grace-Yolanda Adams SPIRITUALS There are other slave spirituals such as: 1. Wade in the Water: 2. Follow the Drinking Gourd 3. Let my People Go DRUMMING DRUMMING The slaves used drums for celebrations and communicating secret messages. DRUMMING THE AFRICAN DRUM IS CALLED A DJEMBE DRUMS MANY slave owners BANNED the use of drums on their plantations. DRUMMING But the love of drumming has never left the souls of Black people. Even to THIS day! DRUMMING HAVE YOU EVER NOTICED WHAT THE MOST POPULAR SECTION OF A PREDOMINATELY BLACK BANDS IS….. DRUMMING HAVE YOU EVER NOTICED THE EXPRESSION OF A BLACK KID WHEN THEY HEAR THE BEAT OF THEIR FAVORITE RAP SONG? YOUTUBE CLIP: African Djembe Drummers in Paris Metro [HD] DRUMMING Question: “Why do so many Black people love drums and beats so much?” Answer: It’s in their nature. THINK ABOUT THIS!! You can take the African out of Africa: but you can’t take Africa out of the African. LANGUAGES LANGUAGE Slaves created languages to keep the slave masters from understanding what they were saying. LANGUAGES The secret languages that were created by the slaves are STILL SPOKEN TODAY by Black people throughout the WORLD. GULLAH (aka Geechie) Originated in South Carolina and is a mixture of African languages and English. _______________ Listen to Gullah speaker Watch youtube clip of : “Origins of African-American English” CREOLE A mixture of either: English and French or English and Spanish Listen to Creole speakers Youtube clips: 1.“Andre’s old aunty speaks in Hatian Creole” & 2. Interview Wyclef en Creole PATOIS pronounced: pat-wah ____________________ Broken, “nonStandard” English that was created by slaves so that the slave-masters could not understand them talking. Listen to patois speaker Youtube clip: 1. FUNNY JAMAICAN WOMEN INTERVIEW IMPORTANT !!!! Some people look down upon those who speak Gullah, Creole and Patois. They feel as though these speakers are uneducated because they are not using one main language in its standard form. Sort of like African Americans and Ebonics.