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Ancient Greece

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Ancient Greece
Geographic Features Influencing Greek Development
•The Sea
•Peninsula within easy sailing distance from
Egypt and the Fertile Crescent
•Many Greeks became merchants and traders
•Insufficient farmland and natural resources
•Established colonies on shores of
Mediterranean
•Mountains
•Enclosed fertile valleys that were isolated
•Transportation over mountains were
hazardous
•Allowed for many city-states that were
independent
•Lack of unity in Greece
•Climate
•Mild climate allowed for much outdoor
activity including sports and civic life
Minoans
2000-1400 BCE
Crete
Minotaur
Palace at Knossos
Throne Room and Store Room
Linear A and Linear B
Myceneans
2000-1200 BCE
Dorians
1100-700’s BCE
Homer
Iliad
Odyssey
Polis
Agora
Hoplites
Hellenic Period
700’s-336 BCE
Phalanx
Athens vs. Sparta
• Descendants of the
Mycenaeans
• Attica peninsula
• Education
– rhetoric
• Economy
– Agriculture-grapes and
olives
– Merchants and artisans
– Coins
•
•
•
•
Descendants of Dorians
Peloponnesus peninsula
Education
Economy
– Agricultural
– Iron bars
– Lagged
Sparta vs. Athens
Athens
Marathon
Persian Wars
500-479 BCE
Battle of Marathon
Battle of Salamis
Xerxes
Themistocles
King Leonidas
Herodotus
Golden Age of Athens
Knoxville, TN
Nashville, Tennessee
• Order, Balance, Proportion
• The height of Greece’s
intellectual accomplishments
and economic productivity
Myron’s Discus Thrower
Phidias
Statue of Athena
Peloponnesian War
431-404 BCE
Delian League
Thucydides
Praxiteles
Science
Thales
Pythagoras
Hippocrates
Historians
Herodotus—Father of History
– Detailed account of Persian War
– Best source of information about Persian Empire and
Greece
Thucydides
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–
–
–
Human aspects of history
History of Peloponnesian War
Rejected idea that deities played role in human history
Eyewitness accounts
Festival of Dionysus
• Greek theatre began as
religious rites paying homage
to Dionysus
• Dionysus = god of Wine and
Fertility
• Dancing and singing hymns
Comedies
• Mocked people and ideas
• Aristophanes—first anti-war
play
Tragedies
– Aeshchylus
– Sophocles-Oedipus Rex
– Euripedes-Medea
Drama and
Theater
Greek Masks
voice amplification and anonymity
Philosophy
• Sophists— “man is the measure of
all things”
• Socrates—absolute truth
– Examine your beliefs
– Socratic Method/Questioning
• allows student to arrive at own conclusions
• goal to realize perfect ethics / ethical
behavior
Plato
• Plato
– wrote Republic
– his vision of a perfectly governed society
– wants to establish a perfect government
• which is led by a philosopher king
– denounced democracy because it
killed Socrates
– Established first institute of higher
learning
• Aristotle
– Logic
• Method for arguing according to
rules of logic
– Taught Alexander the Great
– Perfect human path=moderation
Auteur
Document
Catégorie
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Affichages
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