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Blood Brothers by Willy Russell: revision

IntégréTéléchargement

Revision
A
Christmas
Carol
Themes
 Poverty and Suffering
Themes
 Poverty and Suffering
 Memory and Nostalgia
Themes
 Poverty and Suffering
 Memory and Nostalgia
 Festivity
Themes
 Poverty and Suffering
 Memory and Nostalgia
 Festivity
 Family
Themes
 Poverty and Suffering
 Memory and Nostalgia
 Festivity
 Family
 Social Responsibility
Characters

Ghost of Christmas Past

Scrooge

Ghost of Christmas Past

Fan

Ghost of Christmas Past

Fred

Want and Ignorance

Fred’s Wife
Old Fezziwig
Jacob Marley
Bob Cratchit
Tiny TIm
Motifs
 What is a motif?
Motifs
 Food
 Light and Shadow
 Time
 Music
 Christmas
Techniques
 What literary techniques are used by Charles
Dickens in order to
 Engage the audience?
 Communicate themes?
Techniques
 Use of suspense to involve reader
 Pathos to create sympathy
 Use of dramatic irony
 Use of allegory
 Analepis/prolepis
 Comedy
 Sentimentality
Language
 The working class characters speak in a Cockney
dialect, which makes them sound natural, warm
and likeable.
 Dickens creates atmosphere by using detailed
descriptions
 Scrooge’s dialogue is revealing of character
 Often uses depictions of Christmas across the
nation
The Role of the Spirits
 What do they do?
 How do they do it?
The Role of the Spirits
 Can unsettle the reader
 Warns Scrooge what he could become
 Identified with Christmas
 Exist beyond time
 Associated with the past
 Confront Scrooge
What are the major factors in Scrooge’s
development?
 Fixated with material goods
 Selfish, lonely man
 Damaged childhood
 Unaware of full consequences of his actions
 Moved by joy of Christmas
 Inspired by Bob’s generosity of spirit
 Misses out on shared experience
 Final warning of death
Contextual Factors
 Written in 1843
 Dickens campaigned against workhouses and for charity
 Sold over 15,000 copies in first year of publication
 Often credited with reigniting interest in Christmas
 Victorians interested in idea of ghosts and supernatural
 Class divide
Now you try…

To what extent do you regard A Christmas Carol as a tale of
redemption?

Discuss Dickens’ portrayal of poverty in A Christmas Carol.

How important is the motif of Christmas to A Christmas Carol?
Can you think of any other questions?
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