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Bellringer
Unit 2 test
th
Oct 15/16 !!!!!!!
Agenda
1.
Map Homework Check
2.
Huang He River Valley Reading / GRAPES Chart
3.
Huang He River Valley Flipchart
4.
Exit Ticket / Venn Diagram
Objectives
Students will be able to…
20.
Describe ancient Chinese dynasties and religious beliefs.
21.
Summarize the major features of the Huang He river valley
civilization.
Map Check
DO YOUR GRAPE CHART FOR THE HUANG HE !!
Nile (Egypt)
Mesopotamia
Indus
Huang He & Yangtze
Objective #21
Huang He River
Valley
Geography of China
Geography
Huang He (Yellow River)
◦ “River of Sorrow”
Lots of silt/loess – good farm land (rice, millet, wheat)
Geography
Mesopotamia
(Sumer’s disadvantages)
Huang He Valley
Unpredictable flooding Unpredictable flooding
No natural defensive
barriers
Deserts (Gobi) and
mountains (Himalayas)
No natural resources
Plenty of resources
Geography
Add this note:
◦ China is isolated from the other River Valleys
◦ Mesopotamia trades with India and Egypt
◦ Cities – Anyang, Luoyang, Zhengshou, Yangzhou
(houses built with timber-frame & clay/straw walls)
Religion
•Early culture was polytheistic
•Ancestor worship – believed ancestors could cause them either good or bad
luck
•Believed in life after death (buried with things they might need in afterlife)
•Oracle bones
Canals & Roads
Achievements
Written Language
Coined money
Iron implements, tools & weapons
Education highly prized
- Civil Service based on merit and exams
Achievements Continued
• Music and the arts important part of culture
• Ceramics (light but strong)
• Jade and Bronze craftsmanship still renowned
• Developed secret method of of making silk
• Developed paper
• Water wheel to grind grain
• Astronomy
Objective #20
Chinese Dynasties
SHANG – MILITARY LEADERSHIP
ZHOU- MANDATE OF HEAVEN
Vocabulary
Prosperity
Mandate of Heaven – belief that the gods choose the rulers
Dynastic Cycle – process by which dynasties gain and lose power in
China
Fuedalism – a political system in which nobles/lords are granted the use
of lands that legally belong to the king/emperor. They have use of the
land (and the people on it) in return for loyalty and military service as
well as protecting the people who live on their estates
Dynastic Cycle
New
dynasty
established
New family
claims
Mandate of
Heaven
New
The
Revolution
As
The
adynasty
dynasty
result
new dynasty
becomes
of
ages
comes
these
and
to
power
events,
experiences
justified,
becomes
with
theand
corrupt,
support
dynasty
a aperiod
newof
is
family
seen
the
of
raises
prosperity
people
toclaims
have
taxes
and
lost
toand
and
have
the
the
received
Mandate
oppression.
peace.
the
of Mandate
Heaven.
Possibly
and
natural
fights
disasters
the old
dynasty.
occur.
Dynasty
loses
mandate of
heaven
Period of
prosperity
Decline,
corruption,
disasters
Dynasties
Shang Dynasty
◦ Invent writing
◦ Oracle bones
Zhou take over
◦ Mandate of Heaven
◦ Work in bronze and silk
Economics
• Agriculture Based (wheat, millet, rice, fruit)
• Large worker/peasant and slave classes for labor
• Roads and Canals to support commerce and trade within empire
• Coined money
• Key luxury products included jewelry & silks
Society
•Strength of Family Relationships - patriarchal
•Large peasant underclass (feudalism)
•Strict Social Classes
• Merchants not respected, unlike Mesopotamia,
why?
•Women – not equal – considered inferior
• arranged marriages (13-16),
• main job was to have sons for the family
•Family life central to society
Summary
Overall the Chinese of the Huang He civilization was one of the most
advanced civilizations of it’s time period.
The invented many items still used today such as the water wheel, silk,
and paper.
The were the first to have a dynasty for government.
Huang He
G
R
A
P
E
S
___________
Cartoons!
Make a cartoon to illustrate the Dynastic Cycle, with one partner
◦ Draw pictures and write captions in each box
◦ Cut out boxes and arrange the panels on construction paper
◦ You can draw arrows and add text
Summarize!
River Valley
Review
Egypt Terms
Pharaoh and theocracy
Pharaoh, mummification, pyramids, religion
Upper and Lower Egypt
Sumer Statements
Sumer was a Mesopotamia.
Sumer was a river valley.
Sumer was a polytheism.
Sumer was a country.
Sumer was an empire.
Sumer Statements
Mesopotamia is in Sumer.
Each city in Sumer had its own river valley.
There is more than one Fertile Crescent.
Sumerians spoke in cuneiform.
Skills Quiz Review
Oceans: Atlantic, Pacific, Indian, Arctic
Southern continent is Antarctica. Ant- means the opposite
◦ (anti-; protagonist and antagonist)
Skills Quiz Review
We are in 2010 AD. You could also say 2010 CE. AD = CE
BCE = BC
◦ Before Common Era; Before Christ. Refers to same time period
Skills Quiz Review
BC is before AD. BCE is same as BC, not before BCE.
◦ There is no before BC
BC works like negative numbers – count down to 0, then up in AD
◦ 600 BC happened before 400 BC
◦ 400 BC happened before 600 AD
Review Time!
First, complete the India-China map
Then, get a review packet
◦ Complete all pages!
◦ Take it with you to study!
◦ Due the day of the test!
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