Bellringer Unit 2 test th Oct 15/16 !!!!!!! Agenda 1. Map Homework Check 2. Huang He River Valley Reading / GRAPES Chart 3. Huang He River Valley Flipchart 4. Exit Ticket / Venn Diagram Objectives Students will be able to… 20. Describe ancient Chinese dynasties and religious beliefs. 21. Summarize the major features of the Huang He river valley civilization. Map Check DO YOUR GRAPE CHART FOR THE HUANG HE !! Nile (Egypt) Mesopotamia Indus Huang He & Yangtze Objective #21 Huang He River Valley Geography of China Geography Huang He (Yellow River) ◦ “River of Sorrow” Lots of silt/loess – good farm land (rice, millet, wheat) Geography Mesopotamia (Sumer’s disadvantages) Huang He Valley Unpredictable flooding Unpredictable flooding No natural defensive barriers Deserts (Gobi) and mountains (Himalayas) No natural resources Plenty of resources Geography Add this note: ◦ China is isolated from the other River Valleys ◦ Mesopotamia trades with India and Egypt ◦ Cities – Anyang, Luoyang, Zhengshou, Yangzhou (houses built with timber-frame & clay/straw walls) Religion •Early culture was polytheistic •Ancestor worship – believed ancestors could cause them either good or bad luck •Believed in life after death (buried with things they might need in afterlife) •Oracle bones Canals & Roads Achievements Written Language Coined money Iron implements, tools & weapons Education highly prized - Civil Service based on merit and exams Achievements Continued • Music and the arts important part of culture • Ceramics (light but strong) • Jade and Bronze craftsmanship still renowned • Developed secret method of of making silk • Developed paper • Water wheel to grind grain • Astronomy Objective #20 Chinese Dynasties SHANG – MILITARY LEADERSHIP ZHOU- MANDATE OF HEAVEN Vocabulary Prosperity Mandate of Heaven – belief that the gods choose the rulers Dynastic Cycle – process by which dynasties gain and lose power in China Fuedalism – a political system in which nobles/lords are granted the use of lands that legally belong to the king/emperor. They have use of the land (and the people on it) in return for loyalty and military service as well as protecting the people who live on their estates Dynastic Cycle New dynasty established New family claims Mandate of Heaven New The Revolution As The adynasty dynasty result new dynasty becomes of ages comes these and to power events, experiences justified, becomes with theand corrupt, support dynasty a aperiod newof is family seen the of raises prosperity people toclaims have taxes and lost toand and have the the received Mandate oppression. peace. the of Mandate Heaven. Possibly and natural fights disasters the old dynasty. occur. Dynasty loses mandate of heaven Period of prosperity Decline, corruption, disasters Dynasties Shang Dynasty ◦ Invent writing ◦ Oracle bones Zhou take over ◦ Mandate of Heaven ◦ Work in bronze and silk Economics • Agriculture Based (wheat, millet, rice, fruit) • Large worker/peasant and slave classes for labor • Roads and Canals to support commerce and trade within empire • Coined money • Key luxury products included jewelry & silks Society •Strength of Family Relationships - patriarchal •Large peasant underclass (feudalism) •Strict Social Classes • Merchants not respected, unlike Mesopotamia, why? •Women – not equal – considered inferior • arranged marriages (13-16), • main job was to have sons for the family •Family life central to society Summary Overall the Chinese of the Huang He civilization was one of the most advanced civilizations of it’s time period. The invented many items still used today such as the water wheel, silk, and paper. The were the first to have a dynasty for government. Huang He G R A P E S ___________ Cartoons! Make a cartoon to illustrate the Dynastic Cycle, with one partner ◦ Draw pictures and write captions in each box ◦ Cut out boxes and arrange the panels on construction paper ◦ You can draw arrows and add text Summarize! River Valley Review Egypt Terms Pharaoh and theocracy Pharaoh, mummification, pyramids, religion Upper and Lower Egypt Sumer Statements Sumer was a Mesopotamia. Sumer was a river valley. Sumer was a polytheism. Sumer was a country. Sumer was an empire. Sumer Statements Mesopotamia is in Sumer. Each city in Sumer had its own river valley. There is more than one Fertile Crescent. Sumerians spoke in cuneiform. Skills Quiz Review Oceans: Atlantic, Pacific, Indian, Arctic Southern continent is Antarctica. Ant- means the opposite ◦ (anti-; protagonist and antagonist) Skills Quiz Review We are in 2010 AD. You could also say 2010 CE. AD = CE BCE = BC ◦ Before Common Era; Before Christ. Refers to same time period Skills Quiz Review BC is before AD. BCE is same as BC, not before BCE. ◦ There is no before BC BC works like negative numbers – count down to 0, then up in AD ◦ 600 BC happened before 400 BC ◦ 400 BC happened before 600 AD Review Time! First, complete the India-China map Then, get a review packet ◦ Complete all pages! ◦ Take it with you to study! ◦ Due the day of the test!