close

Se connecter

Se connecter avec OpenID

Bell Ringer

IntégréTéléchargement
Bell Ringer
1. Turn in your worksheet from last class if you have not already done so.
2.
On the skeleton provided label the medical names for each of the bones that you
remember from our last two lessons. We will be filling in this skeleton
throughout todays class.
***While we are completing the skeleton today, highlight any medical names that you got
wrong or that you did not know so that these are the names you focus on studying.
****We will have a quiz on the front upper body at the beginning of next class!****
Location and
Function of Bones
LESSON 3
Objectives
Content Objective: The students will be able to identify the location
and function of each significant bone in the skeletal system during a
class discussion, based upon their experience the last two lessons
with constructing and labeling a skeleton as demonstrated on a
notes outline.
Language Objective: The students will be able to dictate the medical
names for each of the significant bones in order to have a class
discussion about each bone as demonstrated through teacher
observation.
Class Discussion
What bone (using the medical name) do you think this is?
What characteristic made you believe it was this bone?
How can you memorize the name of this bone?
Number 1, 2a and 2b
Cranium
2b. Mandible
2a. Maxilla
Image
Cranium (Skull)
Made up of 8 major bones fused together (Occipital bone, temporal bone (2), frontal bone,
parietal bone (2), sphenoid bone, and ethmoid bone)
Location: Connected to the vertebrae by way of the axis and atlas (cervical vertebrae) which
allows for us to turn our head and move it up and down.
Function: Protects the brain
Class Discussion
What bone (using the medical name) do you think this is?
What characteristic made you believe it was this bone?
How can you memorize the name of this bone?
Number 3
Clavicle
Image
Clavicle (Collarbone)
Location: Between the rib cage and shoulder blade
Function: Connects the arm to the rest of the body. Allow for free movement of the arm.
Class Discussion
What bone (using the medical name) do you think this is?
What characteristic made you believe it was this bone?
How can you memorize the name of this bone?
Number 4 and 5
5. Ribs
4. Sternum
Image
Ribs and Sternum (Breastbone)
24 ribs – 7 pairs of true ribs that attach to the sternum; 3 pairs of false ribs that connect to the
last true rib; 2 pairs of floating ribs do not attach to the front. All ribs attach to the vertebrae in
the spine.
Location: Joins the vertebrae and sternum
Function: Protects the chest cavity – the vital organs including the heart and lungs.
Class Discussion
What bone (using the medical name) do you think this is?
What characteristic made you believe it was this bone?
How can you memorize the name of this bone?
Number 6
Humerus
Image
Humerus (Upper Arm)
Location: Between the elbow joint and the shoulder
Function: Instrumental in supporting many of the arms functions
Class Discussion
What bone (using the medical name) do you think this is?
What characteristic made you believe it was this bone?
How can you memorize the name of this bone?
Number 7 & 8
8. Ulna
7. Radius
Image
Radius and Ulna (Forearm)
Location: Radius is located on the thumb side and creates the wrist joint at the carpals and the
ulna is located on the pinky side and connects the elbow to the carpals.
Function: Allows forearm to rotate and primarily interacts with the carpals. Allows the wrist to
rotate.
Class Discussion
What bone (using the medical name) do you think this is?
What characteristic made you believe it was this bone?
How can you memorize the name of this bone?
Numbers 9, 10 & 11
9. Pelvis
10. Sacrum
25. Coccyx
Pelvis, Sacrum and Coccyx (Tailbone)
The male pelvis is smaller and narrower than the female pelvis
Location: Between the trunk (spine) and femur
Purpose: Holds the reproductive organs. Forms the base of the spine and ball and socket joint
for the legs which allows them to rotate and move in many angles to allow us to walk.
Class Discussion
What bone (using the medical name) do you think this is?
What characteristic made you believe it was this bone?
How can you memorize the name of this bone?
Numbers 11, 12 & 13
13. Phalanges
12. Metacarpals
11. Carpals
Image
Carpals, Metacarpals and Phalanges (Wrist
and Hand)
8 carpal bones in each wrist, 5 metacarpals in each hand and 14 phalanges in each hand
Location: Carpals are between arms and fingers, metacarpals are between carpals and
phalanges and phalanges are a the end.
Function: Allows movement at the wrist and fingers
Class Discussion
What bone (using the medical name) do you think this is?
What characteristic made you believe it was this bone?
How can you memorize the name of this bone?
Numbers 14 & 15
14. Femur
15. Patella
Image
Femur (Thigh)
Longest and strongest bone
Location: Extends from the hip to the knee
Function: Creates ball and socket joint with the hip to allow the leg to move in multiple angles
for free rotation.
Class Discussion
What bone (using the medical name) do you think this is?
What characteristic made you believe it was this bone?
How can you memorize the name of this bone?
Numbers 16 & 17
16. Tibia
17. Fibula
Image
Tibia and Fibula (Lower Leg/shin)
The tibia is the strongest weight bearing bone and the second largest bone. Creates the knee
and the ankle. The fibula is not a structural bone.
Location: Tibia is the lower front portion of the knee to the ankle. The fibula is on the outside
and creates part of the ankle joint.
Function: The tibia provides movement at the knee and ankle. The fibula allows stability of
movement and is an anchor point for major muscles
Class Discussion
What bone (using the medical name) do you think this is?
What characteristic made you believe it was this bone?
How can you memorize the name of this bone?
Numbers 18, 19, 27 & 28
28. Calcaneus
27. Tarsals
18. Metatarsals
19. Phalanges
Tarsals, Metatarsals, Phalanges and
Calcaneus (Ankle, Foot, Toes and Heel)
7 tarsal bones in each foot, 5 metatarsals in each hand and 14 phalanges in each foot
Location: Tarsals are between the lower leg and metatarsals, metatarsals are between tarsals
and phalanges and phalanges are a the end.
Function: Allows movement at ankle and foot. Create strong weight bearing platform. Form an
arch in the foot to carry and transfer weight in a walking motion.
Class Discussion
What bone (using the medical name) do you think this is?
What characteristic made you believe it was this bone?
How can you memorize the name of this bone?
Number 23
23. Scapula
Scapula (Shoulder Blade)
Protected by a complex series of muscles
Location: Connects the humerus (arm) to the clavicle (collarbone)
Function: Creates a socket for the ball of the humerus to fit into and allow for the freedom of
rotation
Class Discussion
What bone (using the medical name) do you think this is?
What characteristic made you believe it was this bone?
How can you memorize the name of this bone?
Numbers 21, 22, 10, 24 & 25
21.
22.
24.
10.
25.
Cervical Vertebrae, Thoracic Vertebrae,
Lumbar Vertebrae (Spine)
33 vertebrae. The upper 24 move and the lower 9 are fused.
Location: Cervical vertebrae in the neck there are 7 of them. Thoracic vertebrae are where the
ribs connect to the spine and there are 12 of them. The lumbar vertebrae are in the lower back
there are 5 of them. Following the lumbar vertebrae are 5 fused vertebrae that create the
sacrum and 4 fused vertebrae that create the coccyx
Function: Protection of the spinal cord
Closure Questions
Self-asses – Which bone(s) do you think you will have a difficult time remembering their
location?
◦ Can you create a way to remember them?
Self-asses – Which bone(s) do you think will be difficult to remember the name(s) of?
◦ Can you create a way to remember?
Auteur
Document
Catégorie
Uncategorized
Affichages
4
Taille du fichier
9 325 KB
Étiquettes
1/--Pages
signaler