In-Text Citations Two Types of Citations 1. MLA Works Cited Citation 2. MLA In-Text Citation MLA Work Cited Citation A MLA Work Cited citation goes in your Works Cited page (aka bibliography) in the back of your essay. For example: Colvel, Abraham. “Shakespeare’s Language.” The English Journal 12 Dec. 1997. 3 Feb. 2007. In-Text Citation An In-Text Citation is used as a direct quote, story, fact, statistic that you are referencing within your essay. In-Text Citations always refer to a source that is referenced in your Works Cited page. For Example: One author claims that “parents need to become more concerned with the amount of time children spend in front of the television” (Jones 45). How to use quotes: Topic: Your topic sentence will tell the reader what your paragraph will focus on. Next you need to support your ideas with evidence, but quotes need to blend into the piece. Introduce: Explain who is saying the quote, and set up how you plan to use it. Quote: Make sure that you’re quoting enough of the passage so that you don’t take it out of context – don’t cut off sentences, or misquote anyone. Analysis: It is important that you: -justify why you are using the quote. -explain how the quote connects to the thesis. Setting Up a Quote: Introduce Share who is saying the passage Tell the reader the author and title Explain the context of the quote with a brief summary of the plot. Give the reader a preview of the “lens” you are using to examine the quote. Which quotes to use or avoid Quotes have to be chosen purposefully that support your argument. Pick quotes that further your point, not restate your argument. Take a risk: choose a quote that may be complicated, one that you may disagree with, or interpreted in an unusual way. In this example please identify the introduction, quote/evidence, and analysis Several states have laws requiring tanning salons to post warnings, but these laws are not strict enough to protect our youth. Robert Bentley, governor of Alabama and a former dermatologist supports a bill that “prohibits anyone 14 and younger from using a tanning…without a doctor’s prescription.” In this example please identify the set-up, quote, and analysis Social historian Richard Sennett names the tendency to come to terms with difficult experiences a "purification process" whereby "threatening or painful dissonances are warded off to preserve intact a clear and articulated image of oneself and one’s place in the world" (11). Sennett argues that humans need to “purify” there past trauma through the way they project themselves to the outside world. Remember the importance of Transitions Transitions are like gears in a car, they help you shift from one paragraph to the next. Here is a list of common transition words: And, in addition to, furthermore, moreover, besides, than, too, also, both-and, another, equally important, first, second, etc When transitioning from one paragraph to the next read the last sentence of paragraph 1, add your transition, and connect it to the topic sentence in paragraph 2. EXAMPLE: Paragraph 1: The football incident is important in the story because it demonstrates the major conflict between Lucy and Charlie Brown. Transition: Like the conflict about the football, another literary device that is important in Peanut’s cartoon is the refrain of “Good Grief.” Paragraph 2: One of the famous lines uttered by Charlie Brown is the phrase “Good Grief.” Whenever he is frustrated or feels he is cheated in life he utters “Good Grief.” Summary Set-Up the Quote: What is the context of the quote? Evidence: The Quote Itself. Analysis: How does the quote connect to your thesis? Transition: Connecting one paragraph to the next. Any Questions???