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Citation Sandwich

In-Text Citations
Two Types of Citations
MLA Works Cited Citation
2. MLA In-Text Citation
MLA Work Cited Citation
A MLA Work Cited citation goes in your Works Cited
page (aka bibliography) in the back of your essay.
For example:
Colvel, Abraham. “Shakespeare’s Language.” The
English Journal 12 Dec. 1997. 3 Feb. 2007.
In-Text Citation
An In-Text Citation is used as a direct quote, story,
fact, statistic that you are referencing within your
essay. In-Text Citations always refer to a source
that is referenced in your Works Cited page.
For Example:
One author claims that “parents need to become more
concerned with the amount of time children spend in
front of the television” (Jones 45).
How to use quotes:
Topic: Your topic sentence will tell the reader what your
paragraph will focus on. Next you need to support your
ideas with evidence, but quotes need to blend into the
Introduce: Explain who is saying the quote, and set up how
you plan to use it.
Quote: Make sure that you’re quoting enough of the
passage so that you don’t take it out of context – don’t cut
off sentences, or misquote anyone.
Analysis: It is important that you:
-justify why you are using the quote.
-explain how the quote connects to the thesis.
Setting Up a Quote: Introduce
Share who is saying the passage
Tell the reader the author and title
Explain the context of the quote with a brief
summary of the plot.
Give the reader a preview of the “lens” you are
using to examine the quote.
Which quotes to use or avoid
Quotes have to be chosen purposefully that support
your argument.
Pick quotes that further your point, not restate your
Take a risk: choose a quote that may be
complicated, one that you may disagree with, or
interpreted in an unusual way.
In this example please identify the
introduction, quote/evidence, and analysis
Several states have laws requiring tanning salons to
post warnings, but these laws are not strict enough to
protect our youth. Robert Bentley, governor of
Alabama and a former dermatologist supports a bill
that “prohibits anyone 14 and younger from using a
tanning…without a doctor’s prescription.”
In this example please identify the set-up,
quote, and analysis
Social historian Richard Sennett names the tendency
to come to terms with difficult experiences a
"purification process" whereby "threatening or painful
dissonances are warded off to preserve intact a clear
and articulated image of oneself and one’s place in
the world" (11). Sennett argues that humans need to
“purify” there past trauma through the way they
project themselves to the outside world.
Remember the importance of Transitions
Transitions are like gears in a
car, they help you shift from
one paragraph to the next.
Here is a list of common
transition words: And, in
addition to, furthermore,
moreover, besides, than, too,
also, both-and, another,
equally important, first,
second, etc
When transitioning from one paragraph to the next read the last sentence of paragraph
1, add your transition, and connect it to the topic sentence in paragraph 2.
Paragraph 1: The football incident is important in the story
because it demonstrates the major conflict between Lucy and
Charlie Brown.
Transition: Like the conflict about the football, another literary
device that is important in Peanut’s cartoon is the refrain of
“Good Grief.”
Paragraph 2: One of the famous lines uttered by Charlie Brown is
the phrase “Good Grief.” Whenever he is frustrated or feels he
is cheated in life he utters “Good Grief.”
Set-Up the Quote: What is the context of the quote?
Evidence: The Quote Itself.
Analysis: How does the quote connect to your thesis?
Transition: Connecting one paragraph to the next.
Any Questions???
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