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Chapter 3 Section 3 Sumerian Achievements

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Chapter 3 Section 3
Sumerian Achievements
Computers?
Don’t think
so!!!!!
Invention of Writing
1. What is cuneiform?
Cuneiform is the
oldest known
written language.
• Sumerians made one
of the greatest
cultural advances in
history.
• Used sharp tools
called styluses to
make wedge-shaped
Stylus
symbols on clay
and
Clay
tablets.
Cuneiform
writing
Sumerian writing cont.
Scribe
Women
could not
be
scribes
2. What are pictographs? They are picture
symbols used to communicate ideas or
words.
3. What is a scribe? A scribe is a writer who would
be hired to keep track of records. They were men
who went to school to learn to read and write. Not all
people could read or write.
Gilgamesh
4. What are epics?
Epics are long
poems that tell the
stories of heroes.
A famous epic poem
was written about
Gilgamesh, who was
a legendary
Sumerian king.
Gilgamesh
Advances and Inventions
5. What was one of the
most important
inventions?
One of the most
important
developments the
Sumerians invented
was the wheel. What
would we do if the
wheel had not been
invented??????? We
would be dragging
everything!!!!!
Stone
Wheel
The Wheel
Which
One
Would
You
Want
To
Use?
Then
Today
Potters’
Wheel
plow
Other Inventions
Chariot
Glass
jewelry
Medicine
Calendar
More Inventions
Mathematical
system based
On 60.
60 seconds in
one minute.
60 minutes in
one hour.
360 degrees
in a circle.
Musical
Instrument
the
lyre
Personal
Cylinder
seals
Not all people
could read or
write so
cylinder seals
were used.
Metal
knives
The Arts of Sumer
6. What is
architecture?
It is the science of
building.
• Kings lived in great
palaces.
• The wealthy lived in
two story homes with
as many as 12 rooms.
• Others lived in
houses made of mud
bricks
Mud
Brick
homes
Palace
7. What is a Ziggurat?
A ziggurat is a pyramid
shaped temple tower
and place of worship
that rose above each
city.
Sumerian kings claimed
to be chosen by the
gods.
Each city-state
worshipped one god as
its protector.
Today!
• Sculptors made statues
• Jewelers made beautiful
gold trinkets
8. What are cylinder
seals?
Cylinder seals are
Sumer’s most famous
work or art. These were
carved in stone by
people and then rolled
into wet clay. They were
used to sign documents
or decorate other clay
objects because not all
people could read or
Cylinder
write.
Seal
• People loved music and
dance.
The Arts
Summary
The Sumerians greatly enriched their society
with all their wonderful inventions and love
of the arts.
Ishtar’s Gate
Entrance to
Ancient
Babylon
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