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Age of Imperialism

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Age of Imperialism
Why do Europeans Colonize?
• God
– Spread Christianity
• Glory
– more land = more power
• Gold
– more land = more resources = wealth
•
How did Europeans Conquer
Africa?
Two innovations allowed for control
– Medical Knowledge
– Weapons
Scramble for Colonies
•
Berlin Conference- 1884-1885, meeting of European
Countries to stop fighting and peacefully divide
Africa.
–
Germany, Italy, Portugal, Spain, Belgium, France, and
Great Britain
Problems with the Berlin Conference
-No Africans were invited to the meeting
-Enemy groups of Africans put in the same country
-Europeans sent troops to control the colonies
European Cultural Influences
• Government
– Indirect Rule: When the mother country uses
native people to enforce the rules of the mother
country
• British
– Direct Rule: When the mother country sends a
governor to rule the colony
• Belgium, France, Germany
• Schooling
• Language
• Economics
– Cash Crops
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