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Author’s Craft

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Author’s Craft,
Character Analysis,
and Mystery Analysis
What is the “author’s craft”?
 Language
and techniques the author
purposely uses to craft (or create)
and enhance a story
 Includes LITERARY DEVICES, STYLE,
and NARRATIVE ELEMENTS
Literary Devices
 Figures
of speech
 Writing techniques
– Help the reader visualize
Literary Devices
 Simile
 Metaphor
 Personification
Hyperbole
 Imagery

Literary Term
 Allusion
– the writer or speaker refers either
directly or indirectly to a person, event,
or thing in history or to a work of art or
literature

"Christy didn't like to spend money. She was no
Scrooge, but she seldom purchased anything
except the bare necessities". Who/what is being
alluded to?
Literary Devices
 Irony
– when the outcome is the
opposite of what is expected
– One would expect a billboard on a
crowded road to be seen by many
people. When Calvin Schwa rents one in
an attempt to finally be noticed, the
road upon which it is located is,
ironically, closed for construction so no
one sees it and he remains “unseen.”
Narrative Elements
 Aspects
of storytelling
 Follow story arc or story structure
 Common and identifiable
Narrative Elements
 Flashback
– the interruption of
present-tense action to reveal a
scene that took place at an earlier
time
Narrative Elements
 Foreshadowing
– hints that suggest
future events in a story
– Example: a weapon found in a drawer
early in a story might foreshadow a
future crime in the story
Narrative Elements
 Theme
– the message about life and
human nature that can be inferred
from the events and outcomes of a
story
Narrative Elements
 Conflict
–
a major or important problem in a
story. Can be internal (within a character) or
external (between characters). Character vs.
character, character vs. nature, character vs.
uncontrollable force, character vs. self
 Point
of View -
the way in which the author
chooses to tell the story
– First person, third person limited, third person
omniscient
Methods of Characterization
 Characterization
– the way in which
an author reveals characters’
personalities through
– their
– their
– their
– their
words
thoughts
actions
physical description
Methods of Characterization
1.
2.
Direct
Indirect
Methods of Characterization
1. Direct:
“he was an old man..” (The
Old Man and the Sea)
•
Information provided to the reader
from the author
•
Details stated as facts
Indirect Characterization
 Physical
appearance
– Usually Hamadi was wearing a white shirt, shiny black tie, and a jacket that
reminded Susan of the earth’s surface just above the treeline on a
mountain—thin, somehow purified.
 Actions
– Disregarding the song of the birds, the waving green trees, and the smell of
the flowers, Jimmy headed straight for a restaurant.
 Own

Words
“I cannot help these people yet,” he calmly told me. “But when the time
comes, I will help them all that I can.”
 Thoughts

and feelings
Although she warned that she hadn’t tried her hand at baking sweets for some time, I
was certain that like everything else about her the cookies would be perfect.
Annotation
 Students
will annotate focusing on
the elements of Author’s Craft
 The purpose of this annotation will
be to:
– Build awareness of the purposeful
choices authors make
– Use this awareness to accurately
identify and understand mood,
characterization, and theme of a piece
of literature.
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