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Pick up the papers on the desk by the door.
Get out your Pharaoh Eulogy worksheet.
Make sure you have paper and a pencil/pen with
you so you can move around the room in a
few minutes.
23: Egyptian Pharaoh Chart
24: Notes
25: Map

1. Seasonal winds called _____________________ dominate
India's climate.

2. What two rivers are associated with the Indus River Valley
civilization?

3. Describe how the wet and dry seasons affected life in the
Indus River Valley.

4. True or false: We have learned a lot about Indus River
culture through their writing system.

5. What indicator of Indus River culture suggests social/social
class divisions were not great?

1. Seasonal winds called _____________________ dominate India's
climate. Monsoons

2. What two rivers are associated with the Indus River Valley
civilization? Indus and Ganges

3. Describe how the wet and dry seasons affected life in the Indus
River Valley. Affected crops; too little rain meant crops dried up, too
much and floods swept away crops and villages in general

4. True or false: We have learned a lot about Indus River culture
through their writing system. False

5. What indicator of Indus River culture suggests social/social class
divisions were not great? Uniform housing
 1. Reading
Check
 2. Pharaoh Presentations
 3. Notes: Indus River Valley
 4. Indus River Valley Map Activity
 5. Crash Course Video (time permitting)
 Homework:
Read Hueng He River Valley
section in Ch. 2 (Section 4) -- BRING
TEXTBOOKS NEXT CLASS!!!!
Indus River Valley
Harappan Civilization

No one is exactly sure
how people first got to
India!
• From Africa by boat?
• Through Hindu Kush using
mountain passes?

What DO we know?
• 7000 B.C: Earliest
agriculture evidence
shows people in India
• 3200 B.C.: Evidence of
villages around the Indus
River
Mesopotamia
Indus Valley
(Sumer’s disadvantages)
Unpredictable flooding
Unpredictable flooding
Monsoon rains
No natural defensive
barriers
Himalaya Mountains
(the subcontinent)
Supplemented by walls
No natural resources
Abundant stone and other
precious rocks
 Major Cities:
• Harappa (a.k.a. Harappan
civilization)
• Mohenjo-Daro
• Biggest cities = closest to the
Indus River
 Rivers:
• Indus River
• Ganges River
 Mountains:
• Himalaya Mountains
• Hindu-Kush Mountains




Ancient India contends with the same weather issues that
modern India does.
Each winter, strong winds blew dry air across the area.
Each spring/summer, the winds brought heavy rains.
These seasonal winds (both the hot dry air and moist rain)
are called monsoons
 Polytheistic
 Priests
(belief in many gods)
 Pottery
 Sculpture
 Architecture
– purely
functional
• Neighborhoods were
walled, narrow lanes
separated houses
• Built on GRID SYSTEM
 **Drainage
system

Plumbing = common in
Mohenjo-Daro
• Nearly every house =
connected to drainage
system

Wastewater (bath water
and toilet)  runs down
clay drains
• Goes into sewer under the
streets
• Manhole covers give workers
access, just as they do today

Such technology not seen
elsewhere until the 19th
century!




Housing = not diverse (even
among classes!)
• Uniform housing - not much
divide between rich and
poor
Sewage and drainage were
available for all
• Why?
 Believed cleanliness was
important
Few weapons found =
probably a peaceful people
Organization suggests a
strong central government
CITADEL

Many independent states,.
connected through trade and
alliance
• Many independent states = sounds
like what other River Valley
civilization?

Some type of central government,
but not as powerful as in Egypt
or in Mesopotamia after Sargon
or Babylonian Empire takes over.
• BUT: Geography makes it hard for a
truly strong central government to
exist
• Natural boundaries = hinder this
because they create borders
 Agricultural
Economy
• Wheat, barley, rice,
peas
 Long
distance
trade with
Mesopotamia
(barter)
• Mesopotamian
textiles and food
for Harappa copper,
precious stones
 More equality but some stratification
 Some examples of different classes are:
• Landlords who helped to run the cities
• Merchant Class
• Priests
 No
translation of their writing!




We don’t know the language
of the Indus people of
ancient India
Few ruins are left to excavate
and examine
PROBLEM: We don’t know
what happened to them!
Our best guess? Around 1750
B.C. the cities began to
decline. Why?
• The rivers may have
moved
• The earth may have
become overworked
• Maybe a natural disaster
• Maybe attack/invasion
1. Read Hueng He River Valley (China)
section in Ch. 2 (Section 4) and take
notes in a style of your choice.
2. BRING TEXTBOOKS NEXT CLASS!!!!
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