close

Se connecter

Se connecter avec OpenID

A COUNTRY OF A GREAT VARIETY AND BIG CONTRASTS

IntégréTéléchargement
A COUNTRY OF A GREAT
VARIETY AND BIG
CONTRASTS
eTwinning
Project
Year 2008
China at a Glance
• Location: eastern part of Asia+Pacific Ocean
• Neighbouring Countries:15+ 6 across the sea
• Seas – Bohai, Yellow, East and South China
• Area: 9.6 million square kms
• The world’s third largest behind Russia and
Canada
• Topography – varied and complicated:
plains, basins, deserts, grasslands, highlands,
mountain ranges (two-thirds of the country)
•1500 rivers; many harbours and beaches
Hainan Island
• 5000 Islands – the largest Taiwan followed
by Hainan
One of the Oldest
Civilisations
Pekin Man
Emperor
1.7 million years ago – earliest discovery of
hominid
500 000 years ago -- Pekin Man – ancestor of
humankind (Primitive Society)
21st century BC – founding of the first Dynasty
Xia (Slave Society)
It started 2 millennia of feudal monarchical
system
In all, 19 dynasties ruled over China until
Opium War of 1840 (semi-colonial country)
1911 – Democratic Revolution
1949 – establishment of the People’s Republic
of China
Ruler: Communist Party
Socialist market economic system – 2 trends:
- state - socialist
- capitalist
Mao Tse Tung
Chinese were the first to invent many things:
•
Match the names of the inventions with the pictures
on the further pages:
•
Guess which was the first and last invention:
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
8)
9)
10)
Paper Money
Umbrella
Kite
Ink
Chess
Chopsticks
Parachute
Chinese Porcelain
Cross-bow
Draughters/checkers
11)Wheelbarrows
12)Paper
13) Brandy
14) Gunpowder
15) Fire Arrows
16) Matches
17) Compass
18) Stone Playing Cards
19) Fishing Rod Reel
20) Golf
a
b
c
q
?
t
f
s
m
l
e
p
o
n
d
k
r
j
i
g
h
THE BEST IN THE WORLD
• the largest dam – Three Gorge Dam on the Jangzy River – 185 m
• the highest railway in Tibet – 1972 km within 26 hrs
• the longest transocean bridge in Hangzhou Bay
• the highest building in Shanghaj
• the fastest train Maglev reaching the speed of 431 km/h (Magnetic Levitation)
- with the help of German engineers
• sending a human being into Outer Space after the USA and Russia
• plans to launch space probe into the Moon
• the best experts in acupuncture and reflexology
However, different approach to author’s rights – piracy
Symbols of China
China is usually associated with:
Paper cutouts
Jade…more
Main Symbol
Dragon
Phoenix
Bamboo
Magpie
Stone Lions
Fengshui
Acupuncture… more
Lotus position
C
h
i
n
e
s
e
C
a
l
e
n
d
a
r
R
e
d
P
a
c
k
e
t
e
n
v
e
l
o
p
e
i
n
More
UNESCO Word Heritage
List – 29 Sights
1. Chinese Wall
8. M. R.Temples with gardens – Chengde the
largest imperial park in China
2. Forbidden City
3. Pekin Man Site
9. Eastern Tombs of the Quing Dynasty
4. Summer Palace
10. Western Tombs of Q.D.
5. Temple of Heaven
11. Yungang Grottoes in Mount Wuzhou,
Datong City
6. Ming Tombs (Pekin Area) – Mausoleum
of 13 emperors (14-17th cent..– Ming Dynasty)
7. Mountain Resort – Summer Residence of
Quing Dynasty (17 -20th cent.) built 90 years
12.Changhbai Mountain Nature Reserve in Jillin
Province (mammoth natural zoo and
botanical garden is a partof UNESCO’s
MAN AND BIOSPHERE PROGRM)
13. Classical Gardens of Suzhou – Venice
of East
22. Mount Emei
23. Huanglong areas called Fairlyland
14. Mausoleum of the Ming Dynasty
founder with sacred way („Avenue of
Ghosts”)
15. Mount Wuyi
24. Three Parallel Rivers – National Park
in Yunnan province
25.
Potala Palace in Tibet
26.
Norbulinka – Dalajlama Summer
Residence – Tibet
18. Dazu Rock Carvings
27.
Johhong Monastery – Tibet
19. Giant Buddha in Leshan
28.
Mausoleum of Terra-cotta
Warriars and Emperor Qin
29.
Caves of thousand BuddhasMogao Grottoes close to the Yellow
River
16. Longmen Grottoes
17. Wulingyan Scenic Area
20. Irrigation project - Sichuan
21. Jiuzhaigou Valley
Breathtaking Views
Heavenly Lake
Bay of Yellow River
Tiger Back Rice Terraces
Huanglong Scenic Area
Kanas Lake
Mountain Resort
A Wide Choice of
rickshaw
River boat (barge)
saipan
Litter /
Sedan chair
Transport Means
Various Architectural
Styles
Powerful Position in the World –
Host to Olympic Games
August 2008
The 2008 Summer Olympic Games, officially known as the Games of the XXIX Olympiad is a Summer
Olympics event, that will be held in Beijing, People's Republic of China from August 8 to August 24, 2008 and
followed by the 2008 Summer Paralympics from September 6 to September 17.
10,500 athletes are expected to compete in 302 events in 28 sports, just one event more than was on the schedule of the
2004 games. The official logo of the games, titled "Dancing Beijing," features a stylised calligraphic character jīng (京,
meaning capital), referencing the host city.
The mascots of Beijing 2008 are the five Fuwa - Dolls of blessing, each representing both a colour of the Olympic rings
and a symbol of Chinese culture. The Olympic slogan, One World, One Dream, calls upon the world to unite in
theOlympic spirit.[
Tradition mixed with
Contemporary Style
Outback vs Metropolitan Aglomerations
Dilapidated
and
Chrome-glass
Modern Buildings
Rich Country of
Poor People
Be servant to society!
Never ask your
country
what it can give you,
Rather think how You
can contribute to its
wealth!
Social and economic indicators have
improved since reforms were launched, but
rising inequality is evident between the more
highly developed coastal provinces and the
less developed, poorer inland regions.
According to World Bank estimates, around
300 million people in China in 2007 —
mostly in rural areas of the lagging inland
provinces — still live in poverty, on
consumption of less than $ 1 a day (roughly
the size of the United States population).
41 milliarders live in China About 47% of the Chinese
population lives under $2 a day.
and Hongkong
„Let’s leave China in sleep because when it wakes up, it will shake the world”
- Napoleon Bonaparte –
•
•
•
•
The People's Republic of China has the second largest economy in the world after the US
with a GDP of over $7 trillion (2007).
China's economy grew at an average rate of 10% per year during the period 1990-2004,
the highest growth rate in the world.
China's total trade in 2006 surpassed $1.76 trillion, making China the world's third-largest
trading nation after the U.S.
China is the world's largest producer of rice and is among the principal sources of wheat
(1st place), corn (maize)(2nd), tobacco (1st place), tea (second after India) soybeans,
peanuts, and cotton (1st place). The country is one of the world's largest producers of a
number of industrial and mineral products, including cotton cloth, tungsten (wolfram -1st
place), and antimony (antymon- 40% of the world output), and is an important producer
of cotton yarn, coal
(1st place), crude oil, and a number of other products ( rock salt –2nd place; sea fishing –
2nd place; nitrogen fertilizers -1st place.)
• Its mineral resources are probably among the richest in the world but are only partially
developed;
Employment Problems
In 2003, the total urban and rural employed population reached
744.32 million
By the end of 2003, the registered unemployment rate in the
urban areas was 4.3 percent, and the number of registered jobless
urbanites was eight million.
China has a very prominent problem of employment as it has
a large working-age population whose average educational level
is relatively low.
Because of the continuing shift away from stateowned enterprises toward the expansion of private
industry,small and medium-sized companies
offer the best opportunities for employment.
Employment is particularly plentiful in sectors with
manpower shortages such as the agricultural,
construction and building, engineering, hotel and
service, IT, shipbuilding, oil and mining, and
textile industries.
There is high demand for such skills as strong
,
management leadership, and an ability to build
and train teams in key functional areas such as
sales, project management, marketing,
IT consulting and applications implementation
and enterprise system integration.
AverageWages
Poor & Wealthy Citizens
Public Lavatories
vs Toilets
in Exclusive
Restaurants
Squat type
Toilet in Tybet
- Typical Toilets -
Cleaning in Streets vs Rundown& Gloomy Blocks of Flats
Behind bars
Travelling by Train or
Motorbike
Never throw out the ticket
before leaving the train
station.
TRAFFIC
• Nobody fastens seat belts
• Foreigners are forbidden to drive a car, they
can hire an automobile with a driver.
• Automatic buying tickets on the bus, by
putting small coins into special machines.
Ignoring Traffic Lights
Drivers who turn right don’t give way to those on the
pedestrian crossing
Morning Rituals
wearing pyjamas in streets
doing the washing outside
High Fines for Smoking
in Public Places
(outside)
There are no zones for smokers
Smoking in restaurants is common
Real Estate Belongs to
the State
Land is not personal
property, so it’s easier
to move inhabitants
to other areas –
thus the progress of
construction work is
.
faster
UNTYPICAL PUBLIC HOLIDAYS
• 11th day of each month is announced:
”Day without squeezing through crowds”
Language Intricacies:
English - Chinese
Greetings
How are you? = (in Chinese) Have you
eaten breakfast yet?
Thanks, I’m OK = I’ve had breakfast
THRILL OF GAMBLING
Crickets are admired for
their sounds,
intelligence, and competitiveness. In the past
people
used to watch them to admire their
spirit of fight. That’s why cricket fighting
became a popular game and sport for all people,
from adults to children. During certain periods
of the Qing dynasty, cricket fighting was
relegated to a national sport.
Lower classes placed emphasis on gambling.
Most of them were experienced in the specifics
of collecting, rearing, caring for, and fighting the
crickets.
WEIRD HOBBY – CRICKET FIGHTING
Cricket fighting is wide spread although mainly found in the large
cities of Shanghai, Beijing, Tianjin, Guangzhou, and Hong Kong.
There are cricket fighting clubs and societies that cater to
members interest at all levels of intensity. With the migration of
Chinese to other parts of the world, cricket fighting can be found
in New York and Philadelphia, although the species used differ.
CONCLUSION
WORLD IS FULL OF CONTRASTS
NO MATTER IN WHICH PART OF
GLOBE WE LIVE.
IT’S WORTH CONSIDERING DISCREPANCIES
BETWEEN OUR EUROPEAN AND ASIAN
ATTITUDES TO LIFE TO BE WELL
PREPARED FOR INTERCULTURAL
DIALOGUE
USEFUL PHRASES
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Establishment
Property
Announce
Competitiveness
Differ
Discrepancy
Potent
Embodiment of grace
Longitude
Depict
Sequence
Assign tasks
Foster
Real estate
Enhance the look
Resemble a lotus
- system społeczny, władza.
- własność
- ogłosić, oznajmić, zawiadomić
- konkurencyjność, zdolność konkurowania
- różnić się
- rozbieżność, sprzeczność, niezgodność
- silny, mocny, potężny
- uosobienie wdzięku
- długość geograficzna
- opisać, zobrazować
- kolejność wypadków, następstwo
- przydzielić zadania, wyznaczyć kogoś;
- wspierać, promować
- nieruchomość
- polepszyć wygląd
- przypominać wyglądem kwiat lotosu
Authors:
Katarzyna Antoń
Danuta Mirońska
European Club
I liceum Ogolnoksztalcace
Mielec
Poland
Source: Personal observations & photos, Pascal Guidebook about China, Internet
The Chinese dragon or Oriental dragon is a mythical creature in East Asian culture with a Chinese origin. It is
visualized as a long, scaled, snake-like creature with five claws. In contrast to the European dragon which stands on
four legs and which is usually portrayed as evil, the Chinese dragon has long been a potent symbol of auspicious
power in Chinese folklore and art. It is traditionally also the embodiment of the concept of yang (male) and associated
with the weather as the bringer of rain and water in an agriculturally water-driven nation. Firstly, the dragon was
historically the symbol of the Emperor of China . Nowadays dragon is sometimes used in the West as a national
emblem of China, however the giant panda is far more often used within China as a national emblem than the
dragon.
"Hoping one's son will become a dragon i.e. be as successful and powerful as a dragon.
Chinese Phoenix
- the Fenghuang has very positive connotations. It is a symbol of high virtue and grace.
The Fenghuang also symbolizes the union of yin and yang. It appears in peaceful and prosperous times but
hides when trouble is near. In ancient China, they can often be found in the decorations for weddings or
royalty, along with dragons. This is because the Chinese considered the dragon and phoenix symbolic of
blissful relations between husband and wife, another common yin and yang metaphor.
Decorative paper cut outs - are hanged as decorative enhancements and also as traditional practice to
bring in good luck, good fortune and happiness. Each picture is carved from special, tissue-thin rice paper,
then hand-painted with bright Chinese ink. They are used like modern day gift ribbons to enhance the look of
a gift, a dowry or sacrificial offering.
The history of jade is as long as the Chinese civilization. Archaeologists have found jade objects from the early
Neolithic period (about 5000 BC). Jade is generally classified into soft jade (nephrite) and hard jade (jadeite).
Since China only had the soft jade until jadeite was imported from Burma during the Qing dynasty (1271-1368),
it’s called traditional jade.
Magpie is a symbol of happiness in Chinese culture. The singing of a magpie foretells happiness and good
luck. That's why it is called 'Happy Magpie' and regarded as a sacred bird.
Stone LIONS
- the lion was regarded as the king in the animal world so its imagines represented power and
prestige whereas the ball played by the male lion symbolized the unity of the empire. In the Buddhist faith the
lion is considered a divine animal of nobleness and dignity, which can protect the
Truth and keep off evils.
is simply a red envelope with money in it, often decorated with lucky symnols. It’s handed out
to younger generation by their parents, grandparents, relatives, and even close neighbors and friends during
Chinese New Year or as gifts for weddings and birthdays. Nowadays giving red packets as a bonus at the yearend by employers becomes popular.
A Red Packet
The Chinese Zodiac calendar depicting 12 animals is based on exact astronomical observations
of the longitude of the sun and the phases of the moon.
The Twelve animals representing the twelve Earthly Branches are, in order, the rat, ox, tiger,
rabbit, dragon, snake, horse, sheep (or goat), monkey, rooster, dog, and pig (or boar).
A legend explains the sequence in which the animals were assigned.
Feng Shui
is the ancient Chinese art for homes and businesses, interior design and decorating,
related to the law and order of the universe and the power of nature. It was first developed some 6,000
years ago. It's a system based on the elements of astronomy, astrology, geology, physics, mathematics,
philosophy, psychology and intuition. Through the knowledge of Feng Shui, people are believed to be
able to make themselves more compatible with nature, their surroundings and their own everyday life, so
that they can make an impact on their finances, health, and emotions. The Chinese term 'Feng Shui'
simply means 'Wind and Water ”.
Chinese Medicine and Plants - nearly 5,000 species of plants are used for medicine in China
today
The lotus position is a cross-legged sitting position which originated in representations and meditative
practices of Hinduism. It is an established part of the Hindu Yoga tradition. The position is said to resemble
a lotus, encourage proper breathing and foster physical stability. Famous depictions of the lotus-posture include
Shiva, the meditating ascetic god of Hinduism, and the Buddha, the founder of Biddhism.
Acupuncture is a traditional Chinese medical technique for unblocking (ch'i or qi) by
inserting needles at particular points on the body to balance the opposing forces of yin and
yang.
Chi is an energy that allegedly permeates all things. It is believed to flow through the body
along 12 main pathways called meridians. When yin and yang are in harmony, chi flows
freely within the body and a person is healthy. When a person is sick, diseased, or injured,
there is an obstruction of chi along one of the meridians. Traditional Chinese medicine has
identified some 500 specific points where needles are to be inserted for specific effects.
Acupuncture has been practiced in China for more than 2,000 years (though some think it
has been around for 4,000 years).
Auteur
Document
Catégorie
Uncategorized
Affichages
70
Taille du fichier
2 648 KB
Étiquettes
1/--Pages
signaler