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CMPT 105W: Process, Form, and Convention in …

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CMPT 105W:
PROCESS, FORM, AND CONVENTION
IN PROFESSIONAL GENRES
Library Research Workshop
Shane Plante
Computing Science and Engineering librarian, SFU Surrey
spa61@sfu.ca
A few questions we’ll answer …




Where can you find key resources for researching
your topic?
How can you identify scholarly articles?
How can you use one relevant article (or book) to
find more useful sources on your topic?
How can you get research help?
The research process:
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
Choose a research question
Think of some sub-questions
Search and cycle your search
Evaluate your results
Write your report
The research process:
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
Choose a research question
Think of some sub-questions
Search and cycle your search
Evaluate your results
Write your report
Choosing a topic
“Pick an informative topic related to computing,
engineering, science, or technology that has a significant
social, environmental, or ethical dimension”
Let’s pick one:
 Electronic employee monitoring (Should employers be
allowed to electronically monitor employees?)
 Facebook (privacy – e.g., Should FB share user data with
advertisers/developers/etc.?)
 Nuclear reactors (Should they be built in BC?)
The research process:
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
Choose a research question
Think of some sub-questions
Search and cycle your search
Evaluate your results
Write your report
Brainstorm
In small groups, brainstorm keywords and concepts that
could be used to find information for an informative
essay.
Don’t forget to consider:
 history
 current state of the technology
 current trends/research initiatives
 future outlook
 sources of conflict
The research process:
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
Choose a research question
Think of some sub-questions
Search and cycle your search
Evaluate your results
Write your report
Search and cycle your search


Students often think efficient and effective research is
about knowing the right resources to use.
It isn’t.


See the CMPT 105 Research Guide to get a list of key
resources
Efficient and effective research is about using resources
wisely.
Brainstorm for keywords & concepts before you start
searching.
 Cycle your keyword searches using subjects, references, new
keywords, journal names, authors, call numbers, etc.

Background information
For background information on your topic, try looking in…
 reference books



e.g., encyclopedias, handbooks
books about your topic
books on broader topics

e.g., online social networks; nuclear energy; supervision of
employees
Note: We have a large collection of electronic books.
Let’s look for books on the chosen topic using Fast Search.
Popular vs. scholarly publications

Which is scholarly?
 What
are the differences between popular and
scholarly publications?
Popular publications






Informs or entertains
Sells products
Aimed at general public
Contains graphics,
photos, illustrations
Rarely cites other
sources
Simple, non-technical
language
Scholarly publications






Reports on original
research
Audience includes
academics, researchers,
professionals
Longer articles
Technical language,
jargon
Always cites sources
PEER REVIEWED or
REFEREED
Articles
Let’s look for articles using Fast Search.
Databases
A few reasons to use databases:
 Better for cycling a search
 Subject


searching vs. keyword searching
There are many subject-specific databases
Not all database articles are included in Fast
Search
Databases
A few reasons to use databases:
 Better for advanced searching
 Excellent
for Boolean searching!
There is a list of key databases listed on the CMPT
105 research guide.
Using databases …
Using databases …
Sample article as it might appear in a ‘results list’:
If you click on the hyperlinked article title in this database …
Using databases …
Using databases …
‘Where can I get this?’ links
Full-text article
‘Where can I get this?’ links?
Full-text article
The research process:
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)
Choose a research question
Think of some sub-questions
Identify likely publishers
Search and cycle your search
Evaluate your results
Write your report
Information quality: The “3 Rs”
 Reliability
 Is
the source credible?
 Recency
 How
current is the information?
 Relevance
 Does
it apply to your topic?
The research process:
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)
Choose a research question
Think of some sub-questions
Identify likely publishers
Search and cycle your search
Evaluate your results
Write your report
Write your paper & cite your sources
APA guides and plagiarism tutorial
APA guides
IEEE guides
Plagiarism tutorial
Writing and avoiding plagiarism


If you don’t know how to correctly cite a document,
feel free to ask a librarian for help.
If you want help with writing/structuring your paper
or quoting/paraphrasing documents, see the
Student Learning Commons.
 Workshops
 One-to-one
appointments
 Drop-in consultations
Is this plagiarism?
Direct quotation:
“When a significant violation of public trust has
occurred, lying is a common corollary because the
wrongdoing invites concealment” (Fleming &
Zyglidopoulos, 2008, p. 838).
Student A’s paper:
If a serious violation of public trust occurs, lying is often
the result because this action invites concealment
(Fleming & Zyglidopoulos, 2008).
Is this plagiarism?
Direct quotation:
“When a significant violation of public trust has
occurred, lying is a common corollary because the
wrongdoing invites concealment” (Fleming &
Zyglidopoulos, 2008, p. 838).
Student A’s paper:
If a serious violation of public trust occurs, lying is often
the result because this action invites concealment
(Fleming & Zyglidopoulos, 2008).
Is this plagiarism?
Direct quotation:
“When a significant violation of public trust has occurred,
lying is a common corollary because the wrongdoing
invites concealment” (Fleming & Zyglidopoulos, 2008, p.
838).
Student B’s paper:
Organizations often feel compelled to lie about their actions
when they are discovered to have taken advantage of the
public (Fleming & Zyglidopoulos, 2008).
Avoiding plagiarism



If you include any ideas or sentences in your paper
that come from elsewhere (e.g., articles, books,
websites), you need to acknowledge those sources.
Citing a document incorrectly is always better than
not citing it.
Leave yourself time to cite your sources.
Getting help
Getting Help



Ask anyone at the reference desk in any of the three
campus libraries
Use our Ask a Librarian services (via the Library
home page) to contact a librarian (by phone, IM, or
email).
Contact :
Shane Plante
spa61@sfu.ca
Class? Due Date?
Where have you searched?
How have you searched?
Found anything close to what you
need?
(I’ll typically be on campus Tuesdays
to Fridays.)
A few questions we covered …




Where can you find key resources for researching
your topic?
How can you identify scholarly articles?
How can you use one relevant article (or book) to
find more useful sources on your topic?
How can you get research help?
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