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Chapter 5

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Chapter 5
Delivery
Delivery Rules:
Strive for naturalness!
 Show enthusiasm!
 Project a sense of confidence!
 Be Direct

Speaking From A Manuscript:
This is the only time you are allowed to
speak verbatim.
 This should still follow the delivery rules!
 Avoid being boring:




Strive for eye contact
Strive for body movement
Strive for expressiveness, vocal variety, and
quality
Speaking From A Manuscript:
Vary the rhythm of your words.
 Become familiar enough with the speech
so that you can establish some eye
contact.
 Use a large font and spacing so you can
read without straining.
 Consider using some compelling
presentation aids.

Speaking Impromptu:
A type of delivery that is unpracticed,
spontaneous, or improvised.
 Examples found on p. 128

When will I use this?
Meetings
 Expertise
 Special Occasions
 Interviews
 Customer Service

You will not be asked to speak about
something that you know nothing about.
Preparation:
Pause to reflect on how you can best
address the audience’s interests and
needs, and shape your remarks
accordingly.
 Take a deep breath, and focus on your
expertise on the topic or on what you
really want to say.
 Jot down in key words or short phrases
you want to cover.

Preparation:
If your speech follows someone else’s,
acknowledge that person’s statement.
 State your ideas and then summarize
them.
 Use transitions such as “first”, “second”,
and “third”, both to organize your points
and to help listeners to follow them.
 Stay on the topic!

Speaking Extemporaneously:





Prepare and practice in advance.
Speak from an outline of key words and phrases.
Achieves a natural quality because it is so
conversational.
Speaker is able to manipulate speech throughout
the delivery.
Drawbacks

Repetitive/wordy speeches
Distracted speaking

This is the type of speaking we will practice to perfect!
Voice Control:
 Volume- The relative loudness of a
speaker’s voice while giving a speech.
 Pitch- The range of sounds from high to
low (or vice versa) determined by the
number of vibrations per unit of time; the
more vibrations per unit (also called
frequency), the higher the pitch.
 Rate- The pace and rhythm of speech.
Vocal Variety:
 Pronunciation- correct formation of word
sounds.
 Articulation- clarity or forcefulness with
which sounds are made, regardless of
whether they are pronounced correctly.
Body Language:
Animate your Facial Expressions.
 Maintain Eye Contact.
 Use Gestures that feel natural.
 Be aware of general Body Movement.
 Dress Appropriately.

Dressing Appropriately:
Evaluate your audience.
 Always dress 20% nicer than the “norm”.
 Don’t wear distracting clothing (for you or
the audience).
 Evaluate the “weather”.
 Dress comfortably.

Practice, Practice, Practice!
Practice with your speaking notes.
 Revise those parts of your speech that
aren’t satisfactory, altering your speaking
notes as you go.
 Focus on your speech ideas rather than on
yourself.
 Time each part of your speech-intro, body,
conclusion.

Practice, Practice, Practice!
Practice with any presentation aids you
plan to use.
 If possible videotape yourself.
 Visualize the setting in which you will
speak and practice under realistic
conditions (pay attention to projectiles).
 Practice in front of a volunteer.
 Schedule your practice session early in the
process so that you have time to prepare.

Reminder:

For each minute of speech delivery you
should have one hour of preparation!
Chapter 5
Delivery
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