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Chapter 5

Chapter 5
Delivery Rules:
Strive for naturalness!
 Show enthusiasm!
 Project a sense of confidence!
 Be Direct
Speaking From A Manuscript:
This is the only time you are allowed to
speak verbatim.
 This should still follow the delivery rules!
 Avoid being boring:
Strive for eye contact
Strive for body movement
Strive for expressiveness, vocal variety, and
Speaking From A Manuscript:
Vary the rhythm of your words.
 Become familiar enough with the speech
so that you can establish some eye
 Use a large font and spacing so you can
read without straining.
 Consider using some compelling
presentation aids.
Speaking Impromptu:
A type of delivery that is unpracticed,
spontaneous, or improvised.
 Examples found on p. 128
When will I use this?
 Expertise
 Special Occasions
 Interviews
 Customer Service
You will not be asked to speak about
something that you know nothing about.
Pause to reflect on how you can best
address the audience’s interests and
needs, and shape your remarks
 Take a deep breath, and focus on your
expertise on the topic or on what you
really want to say.
 Jot down in key words or short phrases
you want to cover.
If your speech follows someone else’s,
acknowledge that person’s statement.
 State your ideas and then summarize
 Use transitions such as “first”, “second”,
and “third”, both to organize your points
and to help listeners to follow them.
 Stay on the topic!
Speaking Extemporaneously:
Prepare and practice in advance.
Speak from an outline of key words and phrases.
Achieves a natural quality because it is so
Speaker is able to manipulate speech throughout
the delivery.
Repetitive/wordy speeches
Distracted speaking
This is the type of speaking we will practice to perfect!
Voice Control:
 Volume- The relative loudness of a
speaker’s voice while giving a speech.
 Pitch- The range of sounds from high to
low (or vice versa) determined by the
number of vibrations per unit of time; the
more vibrations per unit (also called
frequency), the higher the pitch.
 Rate- The pace and rhythm of speech.
Vocal Variety:
 Pronunciation- correct formation of word
 Articulation- clarity or forcefulness with
which sounds are made, regardless of
whether they are pronounced correctly.
Body Language:
Animate your Facial Expressions.
 Maintain Eye Contact.
 Use Gestures that feel natural.
 Be aware of general Body Movement.
 Dress Appropriately.
Dressing Appropriately:
Evaluate your audience.
 Always dress 20% nicer than the “norm”.
 Don’t wear distracting clothing (for you or
the audience).
 Evaluate the “weather”.
 Dress comfortably.
Practice, Practice, Practice!
Practice with your speaking notes.
 Revise those parts of your speech that
aren’t satisfactory, altering your speaking
notes as you go.
 Focus on your speech ideas rather than on
 Time each part of your speech-intro, body,
Practice, Practice, Practice!
Practice with any presentation aids you
plan to use.
 If possible videotape yourself.
 Visualize the setting in which you will
speak and practice under realistic
conditions (pay attention to projectiles).
 Practice in front of a volunteer.
 Schedule your practice session early in the
process so that you have time to prepare.
For each minute of speech delivery you
should have one hour of preparation!
Chapter 5
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