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Chapter 4: folk & popular Culture

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CULTURAL BASICS
•
Culture – values, material artifacts, & political institutions (Chp. 1)
• Emphasis on material artifacts in Chp. 4
• Clothing, shelter, & food
• Leisure activities (i.e. arts & recreation)
•
Terms
• Habit – repetitive act of an individual
• Custom – repetitive act of a group, done so often it is a characteristic of the
group
• Folk culture – practiced in relative isolation by a homogeneous group of people
often in rural areas
• Popular (pop) culture – large, heterogeneous societies sharing certain habits
despite differences in other personal characteristics (language, religion, etc.)
OLD THEMES REVISITED:
1. Scale – pop culture covers more ground than folk
culture
2. Space – 1) distribution of culture & 2) material culture
& the environment
3. Place – connections and spread of culture or isolation
of culture
4. Region – globalization vs. local diversity
KI #1: WHERE DO FOLK AND POP CULTURES
ORIGINATE AND DIFFUSE?
• Origin of Folk & Popular Culture
• Folk Music
• Popular Music
• Diffusion of Folk & Pop Culture
• The Amish: Relocation Diffusion
• Sports: Hierarchical Diffusion
• Folk culture origin of soccer
• Globalization of soccer
• Sports in Pop culture
KI #2: WHY IS FOLK CULTURE CLUSTERED?
• Influence of the physical environment
• Food & the environment
• Folk housing & the environment
• Isolation promotes cultural
• Himalayan art
• Beliefs & folk home forms
• Sacred spaces
• US folk homes
KI #3: WHY IS POP CULTURE WIDELY
DISTRIBUTED?
•
Diffusing of Pop housing, Clothing, & Food
• Food customs
• Regional variations
• Wine
• Rapid Diffusion of Clothing Styles
• Popular Housing Styles
• Modern House Styles
• Neo-eclectic Styles
•
Electronic Diffusion of Pop Culture
• Diffusion of TV
• Diffusion of Internet
• Diffusion of Facebook
KI #4: WHY DOES GLOBALIZATION OF POP
CULTURE CAUSE PROBLEMS?
•
Threat to Folk Culture
• Loss of Traditional Values
• Foreign Media Imperialism
• Western control of media
• Satellites
•
Environmental Impacts of Pop Culture
• Modifying Nature
• Uniform Landscapes
• Negative Environment Impact
• Increased demand for nat. resources
• Pollution
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