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Cognition

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Cognition
Module 36 - Language
3 Basic Units of Conveying Meaning
• Phonemes
• Smallest units of sound
• First sounds infants make
• English ha 45 phonemes
• F, g, th
• !Kung tribe
3 Basic Units of Conveying Meaning
• Morphemes
• Smallest units of meaning in a language that
results from combinations of phonemes
• Whole words
• Prefixes (dis-, ante)
• Suffixes (-ing, -ed)
3 Basic Units of Conveying Meaning
• Grammar
• Rules that define how a language is used so
people can understand one another
• Semantics
• Meanings of words and their
combinations
• Syntax
• System of rules within a language
regarding the order of how words can be
arranged
Language Acquisition
• Language development
• Process in which children
learn to communicate
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