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Folk and Popular Culture
Where are leisure activities distributed?
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Chapter 4 – Key Issue 1 (Music & Sports)
Culture…
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Remember back to Unit 1… What is Culture?
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A lot can be determined about a peoples through their
material traits, customary beliefs, and social forms.
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The food we consume, clothes we wear, shelters we live in,
music we listen to, and leisure activities we participate in can
tell us a lot
Material Culture – Anything that can be seen
❧ Non-material culture – the intangible (language, religion,
philosophy, superstition, etc.)
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The Cultural Landscape
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The interactions of a group in relation to their own
cultural practices as well as to the values of a society
as reflected through artifacts and architecture.
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Geographer Carl Sauer coined the term
Culture influences our behavior…
Habit is a repetitive act performed by an individual.
❧ Custom is a repetitive act performed by a group.
❧ Taboo is a forbidden or restricted social action
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Is this a custom?
What is Folk Culture?
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Anonymous and potentially multiple hearths
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Hearths are the center of a cultural innovation.
Unknown or questionable dates and originators
Small Scale and Slow Diffusion from one location to
another.
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Diffusion is the way in which culture spreads
Folk Culture moves through relocation diffusion.
Folk Culture – Sports & Leisure
The Distribution of Folk Culture
Why is there such distinctly
different folk culture in such a
close proximity?
What is Pop Culture?
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Product of a developed countries
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Origin can be traced to a specific person, place, or corporation
Diffusion is rapid and extensive, and often uses modern
communication tools.
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Pop Culture moves through hierarchical diffusion.
Hierarchical Diffusion is the spread from larger places to smaller
places
Can things transition from folk to popular?
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The origin of futbol is hotly contested, it is accepted that at one time it was an
English folk sport from 11th Century-19th Century
Is futbol (soccer) popular culture?
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(Green is 1st Sport, Red is 2nd Sport, Blue is Tertiary Sport
Popular Culture – Sports & Leisure
Can “Popular” be folk?
Folk Music
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Diffuses with individuals as the migrate
Though songs modify over time the style and themes are left intact.
Often utilize instruments that are specific to a culture or region
Popular Music
Cultural Diffusion
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Hierarchical Diffusion
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Contagious Diffusion
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The rapid spread of ideas (Through the internet???)
Stimulus Diffusion
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From minority to majority
The application of a concept to another product
Relocation Diffusion
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The spread of a cultural aspect through migration
The Diffusion of Music
Case Study – Pop Culture in the
Arab World
Can you see culture?
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Culture can be seen…
in the items we own,
❧ in the leisure activities we take part in.
❧ in the music we listen to,
❧ in the clothes we wear,
❧ In the food we eat,
❧ In the ___________...
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What Materials Do We Have?
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Inspired by the Peter Menzel photographs
Bhutan
United States
South Africa
Iceland
What Materials Do We Have?
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Inspired by the Peter Menzel photographs
Take a picture that incorporates both folk and pop culture items
and materials that are distributed around your home. You are to
bring these items to a centralized location and take a picture of
your items with yourself in it.
Make sure to choose items such as family possessions,
electronics, or other items that define your family and your
culture.
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Email it to ajaddington@bluevalleyk12.org
Denote in your email if you do not want it to be shared with your classmates.
An Interview on Music & Culture
Read the Vivek Shah interview with
Moby & Hans Zimmer then respond to
the questions on a separate sheet of
paper… Turn it into the tray
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