close

Se connecter

Se connecter avec OpenID

3.1 Cognitive Level of Analysis

IntégréTéléchargement
3.1 Cognitive Level
of Analysis
Textbook chapter 9
Vocabulary



Cognitive psyhology – structure and functions of
the mind, how human come to know things and
how they use this knowledge
Cognitive neuroscience – combines knowledge
about the brain with knowledge about cognitive
processes
Cognition – perception, thinking, problem solving,
memory.language and attention
Principles of the cognitive loa
Principal #1
 Humans are information processors and
that mental processes guide behaviour.
 Goal of cognitive research – discover
principles underlying cognitive processes
The mind is a complex machine –an
information processing machine





It uses Hardware (the brain)
Software – (mental images or reperesentations)
Information input to the mind comes via bottomup processing (from the sensory system)
Information is processed in the mind by top down
processing via prestored information in the
memory
Output is in the form of behavior
Psychology and Cognition


There is a relationship between how people
think about themselves and how they
behave! (Carol Dweck’s Mindset)
Fixed ideas about other people –
Stereotyping
False memories




People’s memories are not infallible because of
the reconstructive nature of memory
People do not store exact copies of their
experiences, rather an outline which is filled in
late when recalled.
We can’t tell the difference between what they
have experienced and what they have heard after
the event.
The brain fabricates illusion so realistic that we
believe they are true.
Can you create a false memory?

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PQr_IJv
YzbA

How did Loftus make this experiment
“ethical?”
Elizabeth Loftus : What is the matter
with memory?





http://fora.tv/2009/07/14/Elizabeth_Loftus_
Whats_the_Matter_with_Memory
Why does she use Hilary Clinton’s memory
of her visit to Bosnia?
What is the misinformation paradigm?
What is the rich false memory paradigm?
What happened when misinformation was
fed into the survival school?
Principle #2




The mind can be studied scientifically by
developing theories and using a number of
scientific research methods
The experimental method is commonly used, but
now also study it in daily context.
Today case studies of people with extraordinary
memory, or people with brain damage.
New technology (fMRI) allows study into brain
processes that help refute or prove cognitive
models
Principle #3 Cognitive processes are
influenced by social and cultural
factors




British psychologist Frederic Bartlett coined the
term schema – mental representation of
knowledge.
People often reconstruct a story to fit in with their
own cultural schemas.
Memory is not like a tape recorder, but rather that
people remember in terms of meaning and what
makes sense to them.
Memory is subject to distortions
Touchdowns



funny
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xMuvjLc
uvTI
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8fsxK4H
1LIU
Auteur
Документ
Catégorie
Без категории
Affichages
4
Taille du fichier
143 Кб
Étiquettes
1/--Pages
signaler