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Alzheimer In Hispanic’s In Massachusetts

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Alzheimer In Hispanics In
Massachusetts Over the General
Population
BY: Emanuelly Ribeiro and Thy Pham
1
Alzheimer’s Disease
•
A disease first discovered by Dr. Alois Alzheimer in 1906. Alzheimer is a progressive neurotic
disease that steadily destroys the brain ability to think or memorize. It can also effect
behavioral changes and language skills.
Comparison between a normal brain
and a brain with Alzheimer.
Early: Typical memory lost.
Mild: Distinctive changes in cognitive skills and personality
changes.
Moderate: Poor impulsive behavior, increase in
hallucinations and paranoia
Severe: Body and brain gradually shuts down; patient
becomes dependent on another individual.
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Disparity In Hispanics With Alzheimer's
•Health disparities are differences in the incidence, prevalence, mortality, and burden of diseases and other
adverse health conditions that exist among specific population groups in the United States.
Proportion of people in Massachusetts With Alzheimer's from the
ages of 65 to 85+ in different races (%)
• In Massachusetts Alzheimer’s is more likely to effect Hispanics from the ages of 75+
then the general population.
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Graph found on : 2013 Alzheimer's Disease Facts and Figures - Alzheimer's Association
What Are The Disparity Differences?
Graph of people in Massachusetts with Alzheimer's (%)
•
In Massachusetts from 75 years of age to 84, 27.9% of Hispanics get Alzheimer over the general
population.
•
From 85+ years of age 62.9% of Hispanics get Alzheimer’s more then the general population.
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2013 Alzheimer's Disease Facts and Figures - Alzheimer's Association
How Did It Develop?
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Socioeconomics
Education
Low income
Health insurance
Gateway diseases
Age
Poverty
• Growing population of Hispanics in Massachusetts
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News about Alzheimer's disparities in
Massachusetts
• An article was written from health news reported in Worcester
Massachusetts, discussing the matter that more Hispanics and
African Americans have Alzheimer's because it is said that there
is also a very high disparity in how Hispanics and African
Americans have diabetes and hypertension. People who have
diabetes and hypertension have a more likely chance of getting
Alzheimer's. Also discussing the matter that a lot of minority
races have less caregivers and finical help.
http://local.realhealthmag.com/Alzheimers_Support_Services_Worcester_MA-p1581028Worcester_MA.html#nsArtTitle_1529779
6
Gateway diseases to Alzheimer's and
their disparities in Massachusetts
Disparity of diabetes and there
socioeconomics status in Massachusetts
• In Massachusetts Hispanics are the second race most likely to obtain Diabetes.
• In Massachusetts Hispanics are the second race most likely to get Hypertension.
http://www.neriupstream.com/OurResearch/ResearchItemDetails/tabid/183/
ArticleId/97/Do-Doctors-Contribute-to-the-Social-Patterning-of-Disease.aspx
7
http://regionalindicators.org/equity/public-health/preventable-chronic-disease/
Social Economic within Massachusetts
on Hispanics Over General Population
• Hispanics are 10 times more likely to have less high school education
• 62% of Hispanics adults will have less than high school education compare
to 6% of White non-Hispanics adults
• 3 out 4 Hispanics have income of less than $25,000 compare to 1 out of 5
Caucasians
• Hispanics are 46.2% more likely to have poor general health
• Hispanics are 1.8 times more likely not to go to the doctor due to cost
8
Disparity of Education with Hispanics in
Massachusetts Over The General Population
• In Massachusetts High Schools Hispanics are 15%+ more likely to
drop out of school
• In Boston High school Hispanics are 15%+ more likely to drop out
of school
9
http://regionalindicators.org/equity/education/high-school-dropout-rates/
Hispanics Income Over The General population
Total
All
Races
% All
Races
Total
Hispani
cs
% Total
Hispanics
Less than $5000
118,417 22.90%
20,964
26.32%
$5000 to $9000
59,600
11.53%
13,055
16.39%
$10,000 to $14,999
38,795
7.50%
7,803
9.80%
$15,000 to $24,999
60,578
11.72%
13,743
17.26%
$25,000 to $34,999
56,710
10.97%
10,948
13.75%
$35,000 to $49,999
60,276
11.66%
6,796
8.50%
$50,000 to $64,999
44,543
8.61%
3,002
3.77%
$65,000 to $74,999
16,624
3.22%
651
0.82%
$75,000 50 $99,999
26,282
5.08%
1,567
1.97%
$100,000+
35,237
6.81%
1,142
1.43%
• Hispanics have the highest % of less income in Massachusetts
• Hispanics have the least % of High income In Massachusetts
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Health Insurance rate and doctor visits Disparity in
Massachusetts
50%
Graph of adults in the Massachusetts not getting care because of
cost
Graph of race more uninsured in Massachusetts (%)
12%
40%
35%
31%
30%
14%
26%
29%
10%
8%
25%
7.2
6%
20%
4%
10%
2.6
2%
0%
0%
Total
Population
White,
nonHispanic
Black, non- Other, nonHispanic
Hispanic
Hispanic
4.2
3.2
2.2
1.0
Total
Population
White,
Black,
Asian, Other race, Hispanic
•Hispanics are 35% more likely over the general population not to go to doctors office to
get care because of cost.
•Out of 2.6% of people in Massachusetts that have no health insurance, Hispanics
are 7.2% more likely to have no insurance over the general population.
11
www.mass.gov/chia/docs/r/pubs/.../health-care-disparities-presentation.do..
Poverty rate of Hispanics over the general
population in Boston Massachusetts
•In Boston Massachusetts Hispanic/ Latinos are 25% more in poverty over
the general population
12
•http://www.boston.com/lifestyle/health/health_stew/2011/12/massachusetts_health_rankings.html
Growing population of Hispanics in
Massachusetts
Massachusetts Population Estimation
Done from Salem Massachusetts about Boston
Caucasian
African American
Asian
Hispanic or Latino
Foreign Born
Origin
• The Hispanics population is about 8% in
Massachusetts
•The growing population is about 30%+
now and is estimated to be 58.9% in 2025
13
http://www.migrationinformation.org/datahub/state.cfm?ID=MA
Bottom Line
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In Massachusetts because of socioeconomics and the growing population of
Hispanics , Hispanics obtain less education and more drop out rates.
Less education means less higher paying jobs.
Less higher paying jobs means less income.
Less income means no health insurance.
Without health insurance and higher income no doctor visits because of cost.
With no doctor visits, more likely to get sick.
When your more likely to get sick and most of the Hispanic population live in areas
with poverty then the general population.
Poverty area is less clean and have less healthy foods or safe place to stay active.
More likely to obtain other diseases such as diabetes and high blood pressure.
Making Hispanics more likely to have Alzheimer's in Massachusetts.
14
Citations
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http://local.realhealthmag.com/Alzheimers_Support_Services_Worcester_MA-p1581028Worcester_MA.html#nsArtTitle_1529779
http://statesnapshots.ahrq.gov/snaps06/diabetes.jsp?menuId=26&state=MA&level=13
http://www.nia.nih.gov/alzheimers/publication/2011-2012-alzheimers-disease-progress-report/healthdisparities-and
http://www.alz.org/downloads/facts_figures_2013.pdf
http://www.alz.org/documents_custom/alz_state_plan_mass.pdf
http://www.migrationinformation.org/datahub/state.cfm?ID=MA
pewhispanic.org/files/reports/91.pd
http://www.nia.nih.gov/alzheimers/publication/2011-2012-alzheimers-disease-progress-report/healthdisparities-and
https://www.mahealthconnector.org/portal/binary/com.epicentric.contentmanagement.servlet.ContentD
eliveryServlet/Health%2520Care%2520Reform/Overview/HealthReformAssessingtheResults.pdf
http://www.boston.com/lifestyle/health/health_stew/2011/12/massachusetts_health_rankings.html
http://regionalindicators.org/equity/education/high-school-dropout-rates/
http://www.healthpolicysolutions.org/2012/07/18/latinos-could-benefit-most-from-health-law/
www.mass.gov/chia/docs/r/pubs/.../health-care-disparities-presentation.do..
http://www.neriupstream.com/OurResearch/ResearchItemDetails/tabid/183/ArticleId/97/Do-DoctorsContribute-to-the-Social-Patterning-of-Disease.aspx
http://regionalindicators.org/equity/public-health/preventable-chronic-disease
15
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