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7 juin 2016 : 10 h-12 h
Amphithéâtre d’Agropolis
Development Ethics or How and Why to Evaluate
Paradigms of Development
Lori Keleher — New Mexico State University Department of Philosophy
Pour en savoir plus : connectez vous sur http://www.agropolis.fr/agronomie/animation-scientifique-agroecologie.php
Development Ethics, or the ethical reflection on the ends and means of development (Crocker 1998), is an
increasingly popular field. The roots of development ethics can be traced back to the 1940s, but the phrase
“Development Ethics” was first used in the 1970s by the American philosopher, Denis Goulet (who was heavily
influence by French economist Louis-Joseph Lebret). Goulet set the agenda for much of development ethics in
1971 when he introduced the critical distinction between worthwhile development and ethically unacceptable
mal-development. To assert definitively what qualifies as worthwhile development vs. mal development within
development would be to beg a central question of development ethics. But there is general agreement among
development ethicists that worthwhile development promotes human well being, and that mal development
diminishes well being. Thus, a situation in which GDP rises, but human well being is diminished would be
considered mal development.
My presentation begins with a brief introduction to the field of development ethics, followed by a similarly brief
explanation of the role of the philosopher within development ethics. I then provide a demonstration of the
philosopher at work in development ethics by engaging the concept of “development.” I examine three distinct
paradigms of development: (1) the economic growth approach, (2) utilitarianism (as well as its contemporary
manifestation Happiness Economics), and (3) the Capability Approach. I submit that the Capability Approach
offers a superior approach to development.
I conclude by asking those in attendance to join me in a reflective discussion about the ethical dimensions of the
ends and means at work in contemporary agronomics.
Conception : Cirad, Martine Duportal, mai 2016
Animation scientifique agroécologie
Intensification écologique des systèmes de culture
Au travers de séminaires/débats, des unités et UMR d’agronomie de Montpellier
(Cirad, Inra, Ird et Montpellier SupAgro) vous proposent, en partenariat
avec Agropolis International, une animation collective transversale mensuelle
autour de l’intensification écologique des systèmes de culture.
contact : sandrine.renoir@cirad.fr
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