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and the microchip CDC firmware

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PIC and USB
- French version/Version française
- Forum: Microcontrollers and usb
Electronicfr in english
· Linux on Fujitsu stylistic 1200
· How-to build a webserver for 30Euros with
ENC28J60
· A little autonomous robot
· A new autonomous robot project (V2)
· How-to build a usb device a with 18F4550
or 18F2550
USB and PIC tutorial
- Part 1 - How to build a USB device
with a PIC 18F4550 or 18F2550
- Part 2 - Application: How to build
a USB thermometer
. New: Discussion forum
Part 1: How to
build a USB
device with a
PIC 18F4550 or
18F2550
Electronicfr en francais
· Fabriquer un serveur web avec un circuit
Overview
ENC28J60
· Un petit robot autonome picbasic 3B
· Un nouveau robot autonome à PIC
PIC 18F4550 and 18F2550 are powerful microcontrollers including a full-speed USB V2.0 compliant interface.
With these MCU it's very easy for the hobbyist to design USB devices with very few components.
· Construire un périphérique USB avec un PIC
18F4550 ou 18F2550
In this page, I will describe how to use the CDC firmware from Microchip. It permits to emulate a serial port
with a PC running Windows or Linux. It's also very easy to build HID devices.
. Nouveau: Forum de discussion
The 18F4550 experimentation board
Search:
Here is a picture of the experimentation board:
www.electronicfr.
Web
com
Search
www.policefr.com
The following schematic is very simple, only few components are needed. It's a self powered USB device.
Please note I'm using the Olimex tiny-ICSD programmer, if you want to use another PIC ICSP programmer,
you should remove D1 and D2 and change the connector
(You can click on the picture to get an high resolution picture)
This device is compatible with the microchip USB bootloader
Please note C5 is 470nF (the datasheet recommend 220nF but more is better) and should be low ESR (for
example a multi-layer ceramic). Don't forget the 100nF decoupling caps.
Here is a possible implementation
Click on the picture to get a 300dpi PCB
You can look at the wire's colour of your USB cable: Black=GND, Red=+5V, Green=Data+, White=Data-
The software
You can download MCHPFSUSB_Setup on the Microchip website. It's a windows .exe :(. The firmware we
will use is written in C (for the C18 Microchip compiler). This code is (royaltyes) free, but it's not a free
software, so it's not possible to redistribute modified source code
In this archive, you will find:
●
●
●
●
●
The USB bootloader and its source code in C18
A windows utility for the bootloader
The CDC firmware source code (serial emulation) in C18. It can be used
with the USB bootloader without modification
Another firmware for the HID device
A windows driver for CDC (under linux CDC-ACM is natively supported)
Some tips for your prototypes:
Source code is in the fw/cdc/MCHPUSB.mcw directory
You should comment the following lines in usbcfg.h for a self powered usb device:
#define USE_SELF_POWER_SENSE_IO
#define USE_USB_BUS_SENSE_IO
On my schematic, LED's are connected on port B. So you should modify io_cfg.h
#define
#define
#define
#define
mLED_1
mLED_2
mLED_3
mLED_4
LATBbits.LATB0
LATBbits.LATB1
LATBbits.LATB2
LATBbits.LATB3
You can put your own code on user.c. For example, look at Exercise_Example() in user.c.
Useful functions are getsUSBUSART() (get data) and putrsUSBUSART() (put data other the serial port)
Don't forget to check mUSBUSARTIsTxTrfReady() before to send data.
They are some examples in the exercise directory. For example, the following program (to put in user.c)
toggle the LED number 4 when you press the key "1" in the terminal
They are some examples in the exercice directory. For example, the following program (to put in user.c)
toggle the LED number 4 when you press the key "1" in the terminal
void Exercise_03(void){
if(getsUSBUSART(input_buffer,1))
{
if(input_buffer[0] == '1')
mLED_4_Toggle();
}
Under windows, you must install the provided driver and you can use the hyperterminal utility (19200bd
with a 20MHz crystal). Under linux, check the cdc-acm module, a new device /dev/ttyACM0 should appear.
If you don't want to use the bootloader, you must remove the vector remapping section in main.c and
change the linker script (look at important.readme.txt in the sources directory)
Next part -> Application: How to build a USB thermometer
PIC and USB
- French version/Version française
- Forum: Microcontrollers and usb
Electronicfr in english
· Linux on Fujitsu stylistic 1200
· How-to build a webserver for 30Euros with
ENC28J60
· A little autonomous robot
· A new autonomous robot project (V2)
USB and PIC tutorial
- Part 1 - How to build a USB device
with a PIC 18F4550 or 18F2550
- Part 2 - Application: How to build a
USB thermometer
Part 2: How to build a USB
thermometer with PIC
18F4550 or 18F2550
· How-to build an usb device with 18F4550 or
18F2550
. New: Discussion forum
Electronicfr en francais
· Fabriquer un serveur web avec un circuit
ENC28J60
· Un petit robot autonome picbasic 3B
· Un nouveau robot autonome à PIC
· Construire un périphérique USB avec un PIC
18F4550 ou 18F2550
. Nouveau: Forum de discussion
Search:
www.electronicfr.
Web
Search
com
Sensor and schematic
We will add a temperature sensor to the circuit described in the first part of this tutorial. You can use the very usual LM35 circuit
(Datasheet), or many others circuits like MCP9701, TC1047...
The following schematic show how to plug the sensor on our USB experimentation board:
www.policefr.com
The firmware
We will add some code for analog to digital convertion and temperature calculation in the file user.x
//Lets add includes for ADC and strings manipulations
#include
#include
#include
//[...]
// We will write output data in this string
char input_buffer[64];
// [...]
void Exercise_Example(void)
{
int temp;
// [...]
else if(start_up_state == 3)
{
if(mUSBUSARTIsTxTrfReady())
{
//A0 set in input
TRISAbits.TRISA0 = 1;
memset(output_buffer, '\0', 64);
output_buffer[(6*5)] = '\r';
output_buffer[(6*5)+1] = '\n';
OpenADC(ADC_FOSC_8 & ADC_RIGHT_JUST & ADC_0_TAD,
ADC_CH0 & ADC_INT_OFF & ADC_VREFPLUS_VDD &
ADC_VREFMINUS_VSS,
0b1011);
SetChanADC(ADC_CH0);
Delay10TCYx( 50 );
ConvertADC(); // Start conversion
while( BusyADC() ); // Wait for ADC conversion
temp = ReadADC(); // Read result and put in temp
CloseADC(); // Disable A/D converter
temp=temp/7; //Convert in centigrad degrees
itoa(temp, output_buffer);
// Convert to a
string
mUSBUSARTTxRam((byte*)output_buffer,(6*5)+2);
start_up_state=0;
}
}
}//end Exercise_Example
The value in Celsius degree will be sent threw the USB bus when the button on RB4 will be pressed.
Under windows, you can use the hyperterminal utility (19200bd with a 20MHz cristal) to see the value. Under linux you can use cat /dev/
ttyACM0 .
How to use a 18F2550
You can use the source code for 4550 with very few modifications. Just select the
appropriate device in the MPLAB configure menu. Change the linker script, and set the
configuration bits (like in this picture). Remove any references to port D in io_cfg.h.
Here is a picture of a small prototype using PIC 18F2550:
Some links about USB
Making sense of the USB standard (Beyond logic)
Understanding USB (usbdeveloper)
USB 2.0 Specifications(usb.org)
USB 1.1 specifications (pdf file)
Getting help
Ask your question to the electronicfr community http://www.electronicfr.com/forum/phpBB2/viewforum.php?f=1.
Disclaimer
ANY CONTENT ON THIS WEBSITE IS PROVIDED ``AS IS'' AND WITHOUT ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, WITHOUT
LIMITATION, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTIBILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
Next
Soon, you will find a schematic for a USB to serial (RS232) converter.
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